2021 Volume 61 Issue 3 Pages 193-203
It is important to assess the cerebral arteries near the clip after cerebral aneurysm clipping. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography angiography has side effects of contrast medium and radiation exposure. Time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (TOF-MRA) is a fast and non-invasive method, but clip-induced artifact limits the assessment around the clip. Recently, 3 tesla MRA with ultrashort echo time called SILENT MRA (GE Healthcare Life Sciences, UK) has been reported to have the potential to overcome these disadvantages. We herein present consecutive 19 cerebral aneurysm patients treated by clipping and evaluated using SILENT MRA. The 19 patients (15 women and 4 men) underwent TOF-MRA and SILENT MRA during the same scan session. Two neurosurgeons independently assessed the visibility of the mother vessel at the clipping site in TOF-MRA and SILENT MRA. We also investigated the factors related to visibility in SILENT MRA. All patients' mother vessels were not described in TOF-MRA, and that of 16 patients (84%) were described in SILENT MRA. Overall agreement was 100% in the two neurosurgeons, and the fixed marginal kappa = 1.00 (95% CI: 0.36–1.00). Univariate analysis revealed that larger aneurysm dome and long clip blade length contributed to the visibility of the mother vessel in SILENT MRA. (p = 0.023, 0.007, each). In conclusion, SILENT MRA can be applied for the assessment of the arteries and aneurysm neck remnants near the clip. Using clips with long blade and ligation with its tip would be related to the visibility of the mother vessels in SILENT MRA.