NMC Case Report Journal
Online ISSN : 2188-4226
ISSN-L : 2188-4226
Case Reports
A Direct Aspiration First Pass Technique for Basilar Artery Occlusion Caused by Elastic-hard Tumor Embolus via the Pulmonary Vein by Metastatic Prostate Adenocarcinoma: A Case Report
Asaya NISHIYuko GOTOKazunori YAMANAKAHaruhiko KISHIMA
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2021 Volume 8 Issue 1 Pages 95-100

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Abstract

Basilar artery occlusion (BAO) accounts for only 1% of all strokes, and cerebral infarction resulting from tumor emboli has been infrequently demonstrated; therefore, few reports described BAO due to tumor embolus and its treatment experience. We report here an 83-year-old man with an acute BAO caused by embolized lung tumor invading right pulmonary vein that was revealed as metastasis of prostate adenocarcinoma. The patient underwent rapid recanalization through acute thrombectomy with a direct aspiration first pass technique (ADAPT) with Penumbra catheter. Successful recanalization was achieved in reperfusion grade of thrombolysis in cerebral infarction (TICI) 2b, and the embolus revealed a highly elastic hard tumorous mass of which texture was too tough to be caught by stent retriever. Immunohistopathologic examination of the embolus revealed adenocaricinoma of the prostate. In spite of that the recanalization was obtained, the patient died of the brain stem infarction after 7 days from the onset. We experienced a rare case of acute BAO caused by embolized prostate cancer metastasizing lung and invading pulmonary vein. When we face to patients with lung tumor invading pulmonary vein, tumor embolus should have been strongly considered and aspiration thrombectomy may be safer and more effective for the condition because of the difficulty of predicting an embolus’s texture before treatment.

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© 2021 The Japan Neurosurgical Society

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