2019 Volume 96 Issue 1 Pages 13-21
In Japan, 13 million people have osteoporosis, including approximately 9 hundred thousand people who are bedridden owing to bone fractures from falls. Preventing osteoporosis is considered to be an important and effective way of preventing fall-related fractures. Thus, we developed a novel method of locomotor stimulation and analyzed its effectiveness in mice. Specifically, we created a double-loading device that combines vibration and shaking stimulation. The device was used to continuously stimulate ovariectomy-induced decreased bone density mouse models 30 minutes daily for 10 weeks. We then collected femur samples, created undecalcified tissue slices, calculated parameters using bone histomorphomtry, and conducted comparative testing. BS/TV (bone surface/tissue volume), N.Oc/ES (osteoclast number/eroded surface), Oc.S/ES (osteoclast osteoid surface/eroded surface), Omt (osteoid maturation time), Tb.N (trabecular number), Mlt (mineralization lag time) < (p < 0.01), N.Ob (osteoblast number), N.Ob/TV (osteoblast number/tissue volume), sLS (single labeled suface), N.Mu.Oc/ES (multinucle osteoclast number/eroded surface), and N.Mo.Oc/ES (mononucle osteoclast number/eroded surface) (p < 0.05) were significantly higher in the stimulation group than in the non-stimulation group. In addition, BS/BV (bone surface/bone volume), Tb.Sp (trabecular separation), MAR (mineral apposition rate), Aj.Ar (adjusted apposition rate) (p < 0.01), ES (eroded surface ), ES/BS (eroded surface/bone surface), and BRs.R (bone resorption rate) (p < 0.05) were significantly lower in the stimulation group than in the non-stimulation group. These results suggest that stimulation activated osteoblasts and osteoclasts, thereby leading to highly active bone remodeling. We anticipate that bone mineralization will subsequently occur, suggesting that this stimulation technique is effective in preventing osteoporosis by alleviating sudden bone density loss.