The Japanese Journal of Personality
Online ISSN : 1349-6174
Print ISSN : 1348-8406
ISSN-L : 1348-8406
Short Reports
The Problem-solving Process using Distraction in Interpersonal Stress Situations among Undergraduates: Focusing on the Relationship between Distraction, Rumination, and Knowledge of Effective Activity
Megumi OikawaJunichiro Hayashi
Author information

2013 Volume 21 Issue 3 Pages 316-319


This study investigated the problem-solving process using distraction in interpersonal stress situations among undergraduates. Undergraduate participants (N=223) were instructed to recall a recent personal experience of being depressed by an interpersonal stressor, and then completed a questionnaire which measured concentration on distraction, positive mood, problem-solving behavior, distraction frequency, rumination, and knowledge of effective activity. The results of path analysis suggested that concentration enhanced problem-solving through increasing positive mood as previous study. Knowledge of effective activity was an important key to enhance the effect of distraction on problem-solving through enhancing the frequency of distraction and reducing rumination.

Information related to the author
© 2013 by Japan Society of Personality Psychology
Previous article