The Japanese Journal of Personality
Online ISSN : 1349-6174
Print ISSN : 1348-8406
ISSN-L : 1348-8406
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Showing 1-5 articles out of 5 articles from the selected issue
Original Article
  • Yasuhide Sunada, Yoshinori Sugiura
    2021 Volume 30 Issue 1 Pages 1-11
    Published: April 09, 2021
    Released: April 09, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    In recent years, it has been suggested that mindfulness requires an ethics of caring and not harming (harm/care) to be effective. It has also been pointed that mindfulness can lead to detrimental consequences in the absence of harm/care. This study addressed proactive, aggressive behavior as a possible harmful behavior and examined the moderation effect of harm/care on the relationship between mindfulness and proactive aggression. A questionnaire survey on 179 college students was conducted. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that when harm/care was low, mindfulness was high, as was proactive aggression. The results suggest that mindfulness may be linked to harmful behaviors in the absence of harm/care. Therefore, it is recommended that future research examine the possibility of adverse events from mindfulness-based interventions.

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  • Takuma Yamamoto, Hisashi Uebuchi
    2021 Volume 30 Issue 1 Pages 12-22
    Published: April 09, 2021
    Released: April 09, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Supplementary material

    Prosocial behavior is one of the soft skills that should be taught in schools to develop children’s positive relationships and improve their mental health. Some studies have focused on the motivation toward prosocial behavior to elucidate the outcomes of such good action. In this study, a prosocial motivation scale for Japanese early adolescence was developed within the framework of the self-determination theory. The survey participants were 1,017 seventh to ninth graders (age range=12–15, M=13.40, SD=0.96) in Japanese lower secondary school. Factor analyses demonstrate two dimensions of prosocial motivation, namely identified and controlled regulations. After assessing the reliability and validity of the scale, we refer to the sex-related differences in prosocial motivation cross-sectionally. This has implications for sex-related differences in prosocial behavior. Finally, the future direction and the limitation of the present study are discussed.

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  • Asa Ikeda, Mikitoshi Isozaki
    2021 Volume 30 Issue 1 Pages 23-32
    Published: April 26, 2021
    Released: April 26, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Supplementary material

    In this study we developed the Japanese version of the Relationship Profile Test and examined the relationship between its three subscales (destructive overdependence, dysfunctional detachment, and healthy dependency (HD)) and help-seeking behaviors and help-seeking styles among university students. Results showed that HD was positively related to help-seeking behaviors whereas dysfunctional detachment was negatively related to them. Destructive overdependence was positively related to an excessive help-seeking style. Dysfunctional detachment was negatively related to an excessive help-seeking style and positively related to an avoidant help-seeking style as well as a self-directed help-seeking style. HD was positively related to an excessive help-seeking style and a self-directed help-seeking style and negatively related to an avoidant help-seeking style. We also tested a hypothetical model which assumed that the link between HD and adaptation was mediated by help-seeking behaviors. The indirect effect of help-seeking behaviors was not significant. The results implied that the unique effect of HD predicted adaptation.

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