The Japanese Journal of Personality
Online ISSN : 1349-6174
Print ISSN : 1348-8406
ISSN-L : 1348-8406
Short Reports
Development of the Japanese Version of the Academic Delay of Gratification Scale for Undergraduate Students
Mayu NakanishiMotoyuki NakayaYoshifumi Nakanishi
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2015 Volume 23 Issue 3 Pages 197-200


This study developed a Japanese version of the Academic Delay of Gratification (ADOG) Scale, based on the original language scale created by Zhang, Maruno, Karabenick, and Lauermann (2011), and investigated its reliability and construct validity. Japanese undergraduates (N=394) completed the new scale. Confirmatory factor analysis yielded a one-factor structure. The students' ADOG score correlated positively with effortful academic behavior, use of metacognitive strategies, planned studying and the average of weekly study time, and negatively correlated with less sustained studying. The internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct validity of the scale were confirmed.

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© 2015 by Japan Society of Personality Psychology
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