Recent advances in basic and clinical medicine have resulted in major improvements in human health. Currently sleep has been considered an essential factor in maintaining and promoting a healthy life expectancy. Sleep disorders include more than 60 diseases. Sleep disordered breathings (SDB) have 17 disorders, including sleep apnea. SDB usually induces hypoxemia and hypercapnia, which would have significant effects on cells, organs, and the whole body. We have investigated SDB for nearly 35 years. We found that SDB has significant associations with humoral factors, including coagulation systems, the body’s protective factors against diseases, and metabolic and organ diseases. Currently we have been giving attention to the associations among SDB, short sleep duration, and obesity. In addition, SDB is important not only in the home but under critical care such as in the perioperative stage. In this review, I would like to describe several aspects of SDB in relation to systemic diseases and overall health based mainly on our published reports.
2017 The Japan Academy