Proceedings of the Japan Academy, Series B
Online ISSN : 1349-2896
Print ISSN : 0386-2208
ISSN-L : 0386-2208
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Review
  • Shunsuke KOBAYASHI, Tomohiro MIYAMA, Hidenari AKIYAMA, Atsushi IKEMURA ...
    2022 Volume 98 Issue 9 Pages 493-516
    Published: November 11, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: November 11, 2022
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS FULL-TEXT HTML

    This review article comprises three contents: 1) a general introduction of liquid crystals (LCs) and their chronological developments until their current status, 2) the descriptions of the achievements of defect-free and optically high-quality LC displays (LCDs), and 3) the description of the new and alternative methods for improving existing LCD technologies in terms of high-speed response, viewing angles, and power consumption through nanoparticle doping and optical compensation on a laboratory level. When these technologies are successfully developed, they will be used in the industry, where the fabrication process will be performed in a large-clean room using automated robotics.

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