Plant Biotechnology
Online ISSN : 1347-6114
Print ISSN : 1342-4580
ISSN-L : 1342-4580
High β-carotene accumulation in transgenic eggplant fruits grown under artificial light
Ryohei YamamotoSeigo HiguchiYuji IwataSatomi TakedaNozomu KoizumiKei-ichiro Mishiba
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2024 Volume 41 Issue 1 Pages 77-81


Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) fruits are known to contain few carotenoids such as β-carotene, which are abundant in congener tomato fruits. In a previous study, we introduced a fruit-specific EEF48 gene promoter-driven crtB gene encoding phytoene synthase (PSY) of Erwinia uredovora into eggplant ‘Senryo No. 2’. The transgenic plants grown in a greenhouse set fruits that accumulated β-carotene (∼1.67 µg g−1FW) in the T0 and T1 generations. In the present study, we grew T1 and T2 generations of the transgenic eggplant plants in artificial climate chambers to investigate their fruit set and β-carotene accumulation. No clear difference in β-carotene accumulation was observed in the fruit of transgenic plants grown under either HID (high-intensity discharge) or LED (light-emitting diode) light, or between T1 and T2 generations. The β-carotene accumulation (8.83 µg g−1FW on average) was approximately 5 times higher than the previous results obtained from greenhouse-grown plants. However, the fruit weight and size of the T-DNA (+) plants were significantly smaller than that of their null-segregant T-DNA (−) plants derived from the same line, suggesting that β-carotene accumulation may inhibit fruit development. Considering that a part of plants grown under LED irradiation failed to set fruits or set smaller fruits than those grown under HID irradiation, the light condition in the LED chamber may not be sufficient to promote fruit development. The present results are expected to provide valuable information for the selection of transgenic eggplants with high β-carotene content in fruit under artificial lighting.

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© 2024 Japanese Society for Plant Biotechnology

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