基礎心理学研究
Online ISSN : 2188-7977
Print ISSN : 0287-7651
ISSN-L : 0287-7651
原著論文
読み書き困難児と定型発達児におけるoblique効果
隅田 浩子斎田 真也前原 吾朗
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ジャーナル フリー
電子付録

2018 年 37 巻 1 号 p. 18-28

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The oblique effect refers to the phenomenon whereby visual performance is inferior in oblique orientations than in horizontal and vertical orientations. We compared the oblique effect among young adults, typically developing children (5- to 14-year-olds), and children with reading and writing difficulties (6- to 15-year-olds). Both groups performed a line-orientation matching task and a line-copying task. When the stimuli were oblique lines with either horizontal or vertical orientations, the oblique effect frequently occurred in both groups. When standard stimuli had orientations of 22.5°, 67.5°, 112.5°, and 157.5°, matching performance correlated with age in typically developing children but not in those with reading and writing difficulties. These results suggest that the perception of oblique lines gradually develops until the early teen years, and that this development is slower in children with reading and writing difficulties than in typically developing children. Orientation errors were larger in the line-copying task than in the line-orientation matching task in all three groups when oblique lines had orientations that were close to either horizontal or vertical. This is probably because the line-copying task requires finer finger control than the line-orientation matching task.

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© 2018 日本基礎心理学会
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