2015 年 33 巻 2 号 p. 34s-38s
An SPH simulation of a welding process is performed for TIG welding, taking account the melting and solidification of the anode metal, the free surface movement of the liquid, and the four dominant flow-driving forces; gradient of surface tension (Marangoni effect), gas drag on the liquid surface, buoyancy, and electromagnetic force (Lorentz force). The process of welding two metal blocks is computed, including the dynamic formation of weld pool which joins the gap between the blocks. The difference of material's surface tension dependency to temperature causes a significant difference in the weld pool penetration. These results show the usefulness of this particle method in arc welding simulations.