心理学評論
Online ISSN : 2433-4650
Print ISSN : 0386-1058
特集:こころの多様な現象 「精神疾患」の基礎的研究の現在
多様な認知行動特性の意義
─片桐論文・米田論文へのコメント─
明地 洋典
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ジャーナル 認証あり

2019 年 62 巻 1 号 p. 51-65

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Knowledge and recognition of the significance and strength of various cognitive-behavioural phenotypes, including phenotypes associated with mental and developmental disorders, are increasing but remain limited. With a focus on biological, psychological, and economic concepts such as biodiversity, neurodiversity, and comparative advantage, this paper argues that individuals and society benefit when individuals with different cognitive-behavioural profiles coexist within a society. This paper also discusses the strength of various cognitive-behavioural phenotypes, focusing especially on the autism spectrum. The advantages and strength of diverse cognitive-behavioural phenotypes are emphasised; however, highlighting these positive aspects does not mean neglecting individuals’ need for support: humans are multifaceted and individuals who share a diagnosis are varied as well. Future research must increasingly focus on how we all can take advantage of our strengths through sharing perspectives, including the perspectives of individuals facing disabilities.

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© 2019 心理学評論刊行会
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