心理学評論
Online ISSN : 2433-4650
Print ISSN : 0386-1058
最新号
選択された号の論文の11件中1~11を表示しています
論文
  • 竹内 真純, 片桐 恵子
    2020 年 63 巻 4 号 p. 355-374
    発行日: 2020年
    公開日: 2022/02/05
    ジャーナル フリー

    Ageism, negative attitudes toward elderly individuals, is the third great “ism” in society. Compared to other prejudices, it is unique because most individuals will become elderly adults through aging. Therefore, the phenomenon of ageism is inherently linked to aging. However, ageism and aging studies have previously been conducted in different contexts—the former primarily in psychology and the latter in gerontology. In this paper, we classify and organize ageism research from the perspective of aging. First, we show how ageism appears in workplace, medical, and nursing care situations and in psychological research settings. Second, we present several theories explaining the occurrence of ageism, including those focusing on aging, highlighting the physical characteristics of elderly individuals, and explaining prejudice in general. Third, we present from a gerontological perspective the problem of elderly people’s adaptation to old age: we argue how ageism hinders the acceptance of old age and successful aging. Finally, we describe ageism from an aging perspective by discussing the possibility of eradicating ageism and show how ageism and aging affect each other.

  • ―言語発達がカテゴリー形成に与える影響をめぐって―
    池田 慎之介
    2020 年 63 巻 4 号 p. 375-400
    発行日: 2020年
    公開日: 2022/02/05
    ジャーナル フリー

    Recent research has indicated that the discreteness of emotions may be supported by language. However, how emotions become discretize as language is acquired has not been explored. In this paper, two categories of facial expression and emotion were assumed to support the discreteness of emotions, and the mechanism of their discretization through language development was discussed. Facial expression categories are likely to be modified by affective word labels after they are formed nonverbally. Affective categories are likely to be formed in childhood through the acquisition of affective words. Furthermore, a process may exist from infancy to childhood in which facial expression categories are linked to emotion categories, and facial expression categories are adjusted to correspond to affective words. In the process of the development of emotional discreteness, the categories of facial expressions and emotions are formed by language development. They are further linked by the development of automatic verbalization of what is seen and the development of processing that categorizes the facial expressions of others, based on the conceptualized emotions of the self.

特集: 助け合いの諸相と陥穽(2)
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