2017 年 59 巻 4 号 p. 198-209
This study explores experienced nursery teachersʼ sense of values of picture books by examining the process of how they select picture books in nursery schools. Then, we considered based on the previous studies of children book publishersʼstrategy towards nursery schools. “Sense of values”of picture books in this study refers to the total of selected policies,likes and dislikes,priorities,evaluation,etc. A lot of previous studies have treated nursery teachersʼpicture book selections,but it wasnʼt clear what kind of sense of values they had when they selected picture books. This study focused on these point.
We interviewed six principals of public nursery schools. As a result,we found out how picture books in nursery schools were purchased. For example,there were no criterions for selecting picture books,nursery teachers had selected picture books in their preferences,they had a very small budget for buy picture books,and they generally bought picture books from specific publisher(Fukuinkan Shoten Publishers,Inc.)or Fukuinkan Shotenʼs agency(Kodomonotomosha). Nursery teachers valued the picture books published by Fukuinkan Shoten and they avoided digital books and books with characters. It was clear that the sense of values among the teachers were formed through the relationship between them and Fukuinkan Shotenʼs staff,by putting together organized the results of interview study and the analysis of records of the publisherʼs history. The findings suggests that there are“Teach”and“Be taught”relationships between the Fukuinkan Shotenʼs staff and nursery teachers. Therefore,we pointed out that the values of the publisherʼs staff,who are the educators and promorters of picture books have a potentially powerful effect to nursery teachersʼvalue formation process.