2021 年 31 巻 3 号 p. 3_267-3_289
In recent years, policy unification of sports for persons with disabilities and sports for non-disabled persons has been progressing mainly in developed countries. In developing countries as well, there are signs that disability sports may be promoted as sports policy. It is presumed that in developing countries there are unique circumstances that are different from those of developed countries in regard to the process of the introduction of disability sports policy. But it has not been verified what factors are involved. Therefore, in this research, we focused on the policy change of disability sports which has been promoted as a sports policy from the position of welfare policy. Particularly, we focused on Malaysia, which has a history of disability sports being transferred from welfare policy to sports policy starting in 2006. As a framework of analysis of this research, Advocacy Coalition Framework was applied. As a result, while being affected by Malaysia's domestic and international trends, such as fostering awareness about the rights of persons with disabilities and the sophistication of disability sports centering on the Paralympics, the relationship between the advocacy groups has changed. Especially the agenda regarding the source of funding leading to the FESPIC has functioned as an issue to transform the behavior among each of the Advocacy Coalition groups. Also, it was found that an NGO that promotes general activities related to the improvement of rights of persons with disabilities has promoted the development of laws in one country by positioning sport participation as one of the human rights of persons with disabilities. It has become clear that the needs of organizations that promote the right to improve disability rights and the recognition of social issues faced by disability sports organizations create an environment that promotes disability sports.