2017 年 47 巻 1 号 p. 35-48
Vacant housing is a significant social problem and individual issue in residential areas, particularly with housing owned by elderly people. This study clarified the perceptions and wishes of elderly house owners by conducting a survey on satisfaction with the current state of housing and relocation needs of people aged over 50 who have been living in the same housing for more than 20 years. We compared and analyzed the data in terms of two groups, classified by their location in the urban areas and the suburbs of Tokyo.
This study confirmed the hypothesis that the motive for relocation comes from dissatisfaction with the current housing of the participants. The results indicated people living in the urban area had higher satisfaction rates than those living in the suburbs, low satisfaction was linked to location and lack of convenience. In cases where the participants were dissatisfied with the current state of their housing, the demand for change seemed strong. In particular, participants living in suburban residential areas who were dissatisfied wished to move to a more convenient area. Future plans for relocation should consider the low demand for suburban housing. In addition, housing demands decrease with advanced age because elderly people are highly satisfied with their current housing. Conversely, 50 years olds who were still working showed low satisfaction with their current housing. Therefore, promoting relocation before an advanced age may be a useful policy.
Most elderly participants surveyed planned to cover any moving expenses through selling their current housing. Therefore, if elderly people are unable to acquire adequate funding from the sale of their houses, plans for their future lives may be confounded and they may be deterred from relocating. An appropriate advisory system must be established to encourage the circulation of houses in the market. Increases in the demand for vacant housing may be halted with the development of existing home markets.
The weak demand for single housing in suburban residential areas and the resulting low liquidity for elderly people living in such areas present a problem with a potential increase in vacant housing. The development of existing housing markets, a well-informed residential strategic plan, and training for area managers are immediately necessary to continue the maintenance of good residential areas.
JEL Classification: R21, R58