2017 年 47 巻 2 号 p. 255-273
There are few examples of international support activities that have been evaluated from the viewpoint of beneficiaries. It is not clear to what extent the achievements of the activities have reached the beneficiaries. In order to efficiently acquire results in international support activities, differences in the consciousness of foreign participants and local residents need to be compared. Based on this background, we focused on the evaluation of international support activities by beneficiaries using consciousness surveys at an agroforestry project site in Bali. We conducted two kinds of surveys in 2011 and 2013. One was a consciousness survey of local residents, the beneficiaries. The second was a survey to compare the consciousness of college students will participate in volunteer activities and the local residents. The survey results were analyzed by quantitative analysis, simple summarization, comparisons of correlations and mean values (nonparametric test), factor analysis, and multiple regression analysis. Based on the consciousness of the beneficiaries, we found that they thought monthly wages should be at least 1.5 times higher, agriculture should be the main industry, and traditional crafts should be a local commerce. In agriculture, beneficiaries want to work and learn regularly in collaboration with foreigners. As added value, they expect to learn environmental issues and obtain tools for agriculture. Regarding differences in consciousness between beneficiaries and college students, local people (beneficiaries) felt the regional administration should take the lead to solve local poverty problems, students thought that volunteer activities should be taken to solve local poverty problems. The local people also expected foreigner volunteers to regularly work with them, and did not expect them to solve poverty problems, but instead hoped to obtain new ideas by working together. The minimum wage that college students supposed was not enough for locals. Based on the results of this survey, we created six concrete proposals for volunteers and specialists who will participate in agroforestry activities in the future.
JEL Classifications: Z1, R1