2022 年 26 巻 p. 61-72
The purpose of this study is to examine the transformation of students' “enjoyment” of music-related activities through the introduction of music preference into an instrumental lesson in an elementary school music class. To do this, first a review of the literature on the phrase “music preference” was conducted. Next, the literature on “enjoyment” in music education was isolated, and the word was defined as it is used in this study while incorporating the viewpoint of “flow.” Then, an instrumental lesson was planned that explored the relationship between “music preference” and “enjoyment” in an elementary school class. Last, whether or not the students' “enjoyment” continued throughout all the music lessons, based on the students' interest level, was considered.
The following conclusions were reached regarding the transformation of “enjoyment” caused by introducing “music preference” in an instrumental lesson : 1) First, the “enjoyment of skill improvement” was observed in the process of acquiring skills : the educational materials motivated the students, so they concentrated during repeated practice. 2) Next, the “enjoyment of understanding” was seen through direct interaction with the song by perceiving and feeling the various musical elements and the images the music created with others through conversation and action. 3) Last, the “enjoyment of becoming one with the song” was experienced as students improved the expression and styles of performance with classmates and shared physical movements, which produced “groove.” Playing the song was difficult for students, but motivated by “music preference,” the “enjoyment” continued to the end of the lesson.