2018 Volume 2 Issue 4 Pages 290-293
Introduction: Most people in modern societies spend the majority of their time sitting. However, sagittal spinal alignment is usually analyzed in the standing position. For understanding the symptoms associated with postural changes, this alignment is better to be analyzed in various positions. The purpose of this study was to investigate lumbo-pelvic relationships between standing up and sitting (sit-to-stand) motion.
Methods: The study subjects were 25 healthy young adult volunteers without any spinal symptoms. The following parameters were measured, namely, intervertebral range of motion (IV ROM), lumbar lordotic angle (L1L5), sacral slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT), and pelvic incidence (PI), on lateral whole-spine radiographs while sitting upright, sitting anterior flexed (anteflexed), standing anteflexed, and standing upright.
Results: The measurements of spinopelvic parameters during sit-to-stand motion (sitting upright, sitting anteflexed, standing anteflexed, standing upright, respectively) were as follows: L1L5 (7.9, −4.4, 3.1, 31.9) and PT (31.5, 26.5, 11.9, 7.7). Regarding IV ROM, the lumbar segmental ROM after seat-off was wider than before seat-off (sitting anteflexed). In particular, the L4-L5 segments had a wide ROM from standing anteflexed to standing upright.
Conclusions: The pelvis was retroverted in the sitting upright position and gradually anteverted during sit-to-stand motion. Lumbar lordosis decreased in the sitting upright position, temporarily decreased further (sitting anteflexed), and then increased in the standing position (standing anteflexed and standing upright). The mechanical loads on lumbosacral segments were greater after seat-off due to the reverse movement between upper lumbar and pelvic segments.