2019 Volume 3 Issue 2 Pages 151-156
Introduction: Despite ongoing improvements in both dialysis and surgical techniques, spinal surgery in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) is a challenge to surgeons because of the high mortality rate. However, no previous studies have examined clinical outcomes after lumbar surgery in HD patients. The purpose of this study is to compare clinical outcomes and complication rates after lumbar spinal surgery in patients with or without hemodialysis.
Methods: This retrospective, matched cohort study was conducted to compare surgical outcomes between HD vs non-HD patients who underwent lumbar surgery at our hospital. Controls were individually matched to cases at a ratio of 1:2. Clinical outcomes, complications, and mortality rates were compared between the two groups.
Results: Twenty-nine patients in the HD group and 57 in the non-HD group were included in the current study. Five patients in the HD group died during the follow-up period, whereas no patients died in the non-HD group (mortality rate, 17.2% vs. 0%, P = 0.003). Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores were significantly less improved in the HD group than in the non-HD group (11.9 vs. 14.2 preoperatively, P = 0.001; 19.9 vs. 25.1 at final follow-up, P < 0.001). Five patients underwent repeat surgery in the HD group, which was significantly higher than the non-HD group (17.2% vs. 3.5%, P = 0.041).
Conclusions: The current study indicates that patients undergoing HD had poor outcomes after lumbar spinal surgery. Moreover, 5 of 29 patients died within a mean 2.4-years follow-up. The indications for lumbar spine surgery in HD patients must be carefully considered because of poor surgical outcomes and high mortality rate.