2021 Volume 33 Issue 193 Pages E69-E73
The core α1,6-fucose structure, a major structure in asparagine-linked oligosaccharides, has a variety of biological and physiological characteristics. In eukaryotes, the core α1,6-fucose structure is biosynthesized by the α1,6-fucosyltransferase, FUT8. FUT8 is composed of a catalytic domain and two additional domains, an N-terminal α-helical (coiled-coil) and a C-terminal Src homology 3 (SH3) domain. The most recent structural and biochemical studies clearly show that these domains have precise functions. In this minireview, we summarize our current knowledge of the roles of the α-helical (coiled-coil) and SH3 domains in FUT8 functions, with a particular focus on the dimer formation that is essential for the activity, substrate recognition and other characteristics of this enzyme.