2004 Volume 203 Issue 1 Pages 47-52
We studied the anti-microbial effects of phenoxazines produced by the reaction of o-aminophenol or its derivatives with bovine hemoglobin, on seven species of mycobacteria such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium marinum, Mycobacterium intracellulare, Mycobacterium scrofulaceum, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium kansasii and Mycobacterium smegmatis and some bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogeneses. These phenoxazines, including 2-amino-4,4α-dihydro-4α,7-dimethyl-3H-phenoxzine-3-one (Phx-1),3-amino-1,4α-dihydro-4α,8-dimethyl-2H-phenoxazine-2-one (Phx-2), and 2-aminophenoxazine-3-one (Phx-3), prevented the proliferation of four non-tuberculosis mycobacteria including M. scrofulaceum, M. kansasii, M. marinum, and M. intracellulare dose-dependently, though the inhibitory effects of these phenoxazines differed according to the species of mycobacteria. However these phenoxazines failed to prevent the proliferation of M. tuberculosis, M. fortuitum, and M. smegmatis, and the concerned bacteria other than mycobacteria. The present results may contribute to development of novel antibiotics against non-tuberculolsis mycobacteria.