2010 Volume 220 Issue 4 Pages 259-265
Laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) has become the procedure of choice for the surgical removal of the vast majority of small sized adrenal tumors (≤ 6 cm), because of its significant and multiple advantages: reduced hospital stay and wound morbidity, decreased transfusion requirements, postoperative pain and complications. The role of LA in patients with large adrenal lesions or potential malignancy remains controversial. The aim of this article is to review the current and up-to-date surgical approaches for LA, which include: 1) transabdominal anterior or flank approach and 2) retroperitoneal technique with the patient in either lateral or prone position. Specific advantages and disadvantages are referred to for each of them. The choice of each of these techniques is determined particularly by the preference and the experience of the surgeon, but other objective criteria must be taken into consideration, such as the size of the adrenal and history of previous abdominal surgeries.