2017 Volume 241 Issue 4 Pages 287-295
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) presents as an aggressive malignancy caused by environmental and genetic factors. In order to identify causal genes for PDAC, we performed whole exome sequencing (WES) to detect gene mutations in seven pairs of PDAC tissue and adjacent non-tumor tissue samples. Finally, we found a new nonsynonymous single nucleotide variant (nsSNV) in solute carrier 24 family member 2 (SLC24A2) gene resulting in the substitution of native glutamic acid (E) into aspartic acid (D) at position of 287 amino acid (E287D) in SLC24A2 protein, and confirmed this variant by Sanger gene sequencing. SLC24A2 is a potassium-dependent sodium-calcium exchanger and can transport metal ion across cell membrane. Multiple in silico variants’ effects analyses methods including SIFT, PolyPhen, PROVEAN, and PANTHER demonstrated this variant had probably damaging effects, which was consistent with the results obtained from Mutation Taster software analysis with a probability of 0.99999997 to be “disease causing.” The three dimension (3D) structure analysis results suggested this variant had little effects on the solubility and hydrophobicity of the protein; but it could decrease the protein stability by increasing the total protein structure energy (−8874.33 kJ/mol for the mutant and −8963.54 kJ/mol for the native) and by causing the mutant protein decreasing three stabilizing residues. Less stability of the mutant 287D protein than the native E287 protein was also supported by I-Mutant and Western-blotting analysis results. Overall, a new mutation in SLC24A2 gene was identified to decrease the stability of SLC24A2, which may have potential clinical usages.