The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-3329
Print ISSN : 0040-8727
ISSN-L : 0040-8727
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Intermittent Withdrawal of Oxaliplatin for Alleviating Neurotoxicity during Oxaliplatin-Based Chemotherapy for Japanese Patients with Inoperable or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: A Phase 2 Multicenter Study
Shunsuke KatoHiroo ImaiMakio GamohTakenori TakahataHisatsugu OhoriKatsuhiro YasudaTomohito NiitaniYasuko MurakawaKenji AmagaiHideki IsobeYoshiaki ShindoMichio KurokiYasuhiro SakamotoHideki ShimodairaTakashi YoshiokaChikashi Ishioka
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2018 Volume 245 Issue 1 Pages 21-28

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Abstract

Oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy is a well-established regimen for patients with inoperable and metastatic colorectal cancer. However, one of the major limitations of oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy is sensory neuropathy. It was previously reported that introduction of intermittent oxaliplatin treatment to an oxaliplatin-based regimen has a significant benefit on efficacy or safety. Here, we prospectively assessed whether efficacy and safety of first-line chemotherapy for advanced colorectal cancer are achieved by introduction of withdrawal of oxaliplatin treatment for a certain period (intermittent oxaliplatin treatment). The primary endpoint of the present study is to assess the progression free survival time on patients treated with chemotherapy (mFOLFOX6 (levofolinate, 5-fluorouracil and oxaliplatin combination therapy) plus bevacizumab or CapeOX (oxaliplatin and capecitabine combination therapy) plus bevacizumab) with intermittent oxaliplatin treatment. Bevacizumab is a humanized anti-vascular endothelial growth factor antibody. Median progression-free survival by the mFOLFOX6 plus bevacizumab with intermittent oxaliplatin treatment or the CapeOX plus bevacizumab with intermittent oxaliplatin treatment were 10.6 months (95% confidential interval [CI], 8.3-13.4 months) or 8.0 months (95% CI, 4.2-16.8 months), respectively. Overall response rate by the mFOLFOX6 plus bevacizumab with intermittent oxaliplatin treatment or CapeOX plus bevacizumab with intermittent oxaliplatin treatment was 55.1% or 42.1%, respectively. Grade 3 or 4 neuropathy was observed in 4.1% or 10.5% of patients treated with mFOLFOX6 plus bevacizumab with intermittent oxaliplatin treatment or CapeOX plus bevacizumab with intermittent oxaliplatin treatment, respectively. Introduction of intermittent oxaliplatin treatment has improved severe neuropathy in mFOLFOX6 plus bevacizumab regimen without reducing treatment efficacy.

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