2020 年 252 巻 3 号 p. 209-218
In thyroid pathology, the great variety of types and the wide range of aggressiveness of thyroid cancers complicate both diagnosis and management. In 2016, a subset of noninvasive encapsulated follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma was reclassified as noninvasive follicular thyroid tumor with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) to reduce overtreatment of this low-risk tumor that follows a benign course after surgery. Starting from a paradigmatic clinical case, in this short review, we will summarize the ultrasonography, cytological, histological and molecular features of this new entity. In the preoperative settings, the recognition of some peculiar elements may only suggest the possibility of a NIFTP, thus favoring a less aggressive surgical approach. However, the diagnosis of NIFTP can only be made after complete resection of the lesion by detecting well-defined inclusion and exclusion histopathological criteria. Since NIFTP is not ‘malignant,’ surgery may be considered curative with no further treatment or surveillance needed. NIFTP-related issues, including nodule size, multifocality, oncocytic changes, heterogeneous incidence across different geographical areas and its occurrence in the pediatric age, will be discussed.