2020 年 14 巻 1 号 p. 16-23
Health disparities between communities, municipalities, or social groups exist in Japanese society. Pathways from background to health are complex involving social environmental factors, life courses, psychological and social factors such as depression and social participation, health behavior, and biological systems. Through longitudinal studies and community intervention studies, it has been demonstrated that it is possible to build a community or society facilitating social participation having a positive effect on health. Scientific evidence supporting the theory of “primordial prevention”, which aims to build a healthy community and society where living people become healthier, has been accumulated. It has entered the design stage for social implementation from the stage of searching for the supporting scientific basis. Design science aiming at the realization of “primordial prevention” requires “integration of knowledge”, transdisciplinary science and technology, and industry-government-academia collaboration.