2018 Volume E101.B Issue 2 Pages 538-547
To efficiently use network resources, internet service providers need to conduct traffic engineering that dynamically controls traffic routes to accommodate traffic change with limited network resources. The performance of traffic engineering (TE) depends on the accuracy of traffic prediction. However, the size of traffic change has been drastically increasing in recent years due to the growth in various types of network services, which has made traffic prediction difficult. Our approach to tackle this issue is to separate traffic into predictable and unpredictable parts and to apply different control policies. However, there are two challenges to achieving this: dynamically separating traffic according to predictability and dynamically controlling routes for each separated traffic part. In this paper, we propose a macroflow-based TE scheme that uses different routing policies in accordance with traffic predictability. We also propose a traffic-separation algorithm based on real-time traffic analysis and a framework for controlling separated traffic with software-defined networking technology, particularly OpenFlow. An evaluation of actual traffic measured in an Internet2 network shows that compared with current TE schemes the proposed scheme can reduce the maximum link load by 34% (at the most congested time) and the average link load by an average of 11%.