IEICE Transactions on Communications
Online ISSN : 1745-1345
Print ISSN : 0916-8516
Current issue
Displaying 1-5 of 5 articles from this issue
Regular Section
  • Go HASEGAWA
    Article type: MESSAGE
    2024 Volume E107.B Issue 6 Pages 429
    Published: June 01, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: June 01, 2024
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  • Qingqing TU, Zheng DONG, Xianbing ZOU, Ning WEI
    Article type: PAPER
    Subject area: Fundamental Theories for Communications
    2024 Volume E107.B Issue 6 Pages 430-445
    Published: June 01, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: June 01, 2024
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    Despite the appealing advantages of reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS) aided mmWave communications, there remain practical issues that need to be addressed before the large-scale deployment of RISs in future wireless networks. In this study, we jointly consider the non-neglectable practical issues in a multi-RIS-aided mmWave system, which can significantly affect the secrecy performance, including the high computational complexity, imperfect channel state information (CSI), and finite resolution of phase shifters. To solve this non-convex challenging stochastic optimization problem, we propose a robust and low-complexity algorithm to maximize the achievable secrete rate. Specially, by combining the benefits of fractional programming and the stochastic successive convex approximation techniques, we transform the joint optimization problem into some convex ones and solve them sub-optimally. The theoretical analysis and simulation results demonstrate that the proposed algorithms could mitigate the joint negative effects of practical issues and yielded a tradeoff between secure performance and complexity/overhead outperforming non-robust benchmarks, which increases the robustness and flexibility of multiple RIS deployments in future wireless networks.

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  • Rongqi ZHANG, Chunyun PAN, Yafei WANG, Yuanyuan YAO, Xuehua LI
    Article type: PAPER
    Subject area: Network
    2024 Volume E107.B Issue 6 Pages 446-457
    Published: June 01, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: June 01, 2024
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    With maturation of 5G technology in recent years, multimedia services such as live video streaming and online games on the Internet have flourished. These multimedia services frequently require low latency, which pose a significant challenge to compute the high latency requirements multimedia tasks. Mobile edge computing (MEC), is considered a key technology solution to address the above challenges. It offloads computation-intensive tasks to edge servers by sinking mobile nodes, which reduces task execution latency and relieves computing pressure on multimedia devices. In order to use MEC paradigm reasonably and efficiently, resource allocation has become a new challenge. In this paper, we focus on the multimedia tasks which need to be uploaded and processed in the network. We set the optimization problem with the goal of minimizing the latency and energy consumption required to perform tasks in multimedia devices. To solve the complex and non-convex problem, we formulate the optimization problem as a distributed deep reinforcement learning (DRL) problem and propose a federated Dueling deep Q-network (DDQN) based multimedia task offloading and resource allocation algorithm (FDRL-DDQN). In the algorithm, DRL is trained on the local device, while federated learning (FL) is responsible for aggregating and updating the parameters from the trained local models. Further, in order to solve the not identically and independently distributed (non-IID) data problem of multimedia devices, we develop a method for selecting participating federated devices. The simulation results show that the FDRL-DDQN algorithm can reduce the total cost by 31.3% compared to the DQN algorithm when the task data is 1000 kbit, and the maximum reduction can be 35.3% compared to the traditional baseline algorithm.

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  • Baud Haryo PRANANTO, ISKANDAR, HENDRAWAN, Adit KURNIAWAN
    Article type: PAPER
    Subject area: Network Management/Operation
    2024 Volume E107.B Issue 6 Pages 458-469
    Published: June 01, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: June 01, 2024
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    Handover is an important property of cellular communication that enables the user to move from one cell to another without losing the connection. It is a very crucial process for the quality of the user's experience because it may interrupt data transmission. Therefore, good handover management is very important in the current and future cellular systems. Several techniques have been employed to improve the handover performance, usually to increase the probability of a successful handover. One of the techniques is predictive handover which predicts the target cell using some methods other than the traditional measurement-based algorithm, including using machine learning. Several studies have been conducted in the implementation of predictive handover, most of them by modifying the internal algorithm of existing network elements, such as the base station. We implemented a predictive handover algorithm using an intelligent node outside the existing network elements to minimize the modification of the network and to create modularity in the system. Using a recently standardized Open Radio Access Network (O-RAN) Near Realtime Radio Intelligent Controller (Near-RT RIC), we created a modular application that can improve the handover performance by determining the target cell using machine learning techniques. In our previous research, we modified The Near-RT RIC original software that is using vector autoregression to determine the target cell by predicting the throughput of each neighboring cell. We also modified the method using a Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) neural network. In this paper, we redesigned the neural network using Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) that can better handle time series data. We proved that our proposed LSTM-based machine learning algorithms used in Near-RT RIC can improve the handover performance compared to the traditional measurement-based algorithm.

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  • Yaokun HU, Xuanyu PENG, Takeshi TODA
    Article type: PAPER
    Subject area: Sensing
    2024 Volume E107.B Issue 6 Pages 470-486
    Published: June 01, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: June 01, 2024
    JOURNAL RESTRICTED ACCESS

    The subject must be motionless for conventional radar-based non-contact vital signs measurements. Additionally, the measurement range is limited by the design of the radar module itself. Although the accuracy of measurements has been improving, the prospects for their application could have been faster to develop. This paper proposed a novel radar-based adaptive tracking method for measuring the heart rate of the moving monitored person. The radar module is fixed on a circular plate and driven by stepping motors to rotate it. In order to protect the user's privacy, the method uses radar signal processing to detect the subject's position to control a stepping motor that adjusts the radar's measurement range. The results of the fixed-route experiments revealed that when the subject was moving at a speed of 0.5m/s, the mean values of RMSE for heart rate measurements were all below 2.85 beat per minute (bpm), and when moving at a speed of 1m/s, they were all below 4.05bpm. When subjects walked at random routes and speeds, the RMSE of the measurements were all below 6.85bpm, with a mean value of 4.35bpm. The average RR interval time of the reconstructed heartbeat signal was highly correlated with the electrocardiography (ECG) data, with a correlation coefficient of 0.9905. In addition, this study not only evaluated the potential effect of arm swing (more normal walking motion) on heart rate measurement but also demonstrated the ability of the proposed method to measure heart rate in a multiple-people scenario.

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