In this paper, through extrinsic information transfer (EXIT) band chart analysis, an adaptive iterative decoding approach (AIDA) is proposed to reduce the iterative decoding complexity and delay for finite-length differentially encoded Low-density parity-check (DE-LDPC) coded systems with multiple-symbol differential detection (MSDD). The proposed AIDA can adaptively adjust the observation window size (OWS) of the MSDD soft-input soft-output demodulator (SISOD) and the outer iteration number of the iterative decoder (consisting of the MSDD SISOD and the LDPC decoder) instead of setting fixed values for the two parameters of the considered systems. The performance of AIDA depends on its stopping criterion (SC) which is used to terminate the iterative decoding before reaching the maximum outer iteration number. Many SCs have been proposed; however, these approaches focus on turbo coded systems, and it has been proven that they do not well suit for LDPC coded systems. To solve this problem, a new SC called differential mutual information (DMI) criterion, which can track the convergence status of the iterative decoding, is proposed; it is based on tracking the difference of the output mutual information of the LDPC decoder between two consecutive outer iterations of the considered systems. AIDA using the DMI criterion can adaptively adjust the out iteration number and OWS according to the convergence situation of the iterative decoding. Simulation results show that compared with using the existing SCs, AIDA using the DMI criterion can further reduce the decoding complexity and delay, and its performance is not affected by a change in the LDPC code and transmission channel parameters.
2013 The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers