Most existing methods on research collaborator recommendation focus on promoting collaboration within a specific discipline and exploit a network structure derived from co-authorship or co-citation information. To find collaboration opportunities outside researchers' own fields of expertise and beyond their social network, we present an interdisciplinary collaborator recommendation method based on research content similarity. In the proposed method, we calculate textual features that reflect a researcher's interests using a research grant database. To find the most relevant researchers who work in other fields, we compare constructing a pairwise similarity matrix in a feature space and exploiting existing social networks with content-based similarity. We present a case study at the Graduate University for Advanced Studies in Japan in which actual collaborations across departments are used as ground truth. The results indicate that our content-based approach can accurately predict interdisciplinary collaboration compared with the conventional collaboration network-based approaches.
2017 The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers