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IEICE Transactions on Information and Systems
Vol. E98.D (2015) No. 3 pp. 661-670

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http://doi.org/10.1587/transinf.2014EDP7255

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Recently network bandwidth becomes a performance concern particularly for collective communication since bisection bandwidths of supercomputers become far less than their full bisection bandwidths. In this context we propose the use of a network coding technique to reduce the number of unicasts and the size of data transferred in latency-sensitive collective communications in supercomputers. Our proposed network coding scheme has a hierarchical multicasting structure with intra-group and inter-group unicasts. Quantitative analysis show that the aggregate path hop counts by our hierarchical network coding decrease as much as 94% when compared to conventional unicast-based multicasts. We validate these results by cycle-accurate network simulations. In 1,024-switch networks, the network reduces the execution time of collective communications as much as 70%. We also show that our hierarchical network coding is beneficial for any packet size.

Copyright © 2015 The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers

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