Random forest regressor has recently been proposed as a local landmark estimator in the face alignment problem. It has been shown that random forest regressor can achieve accurate, fast, and robust performance when coupled with a global face-shape regularizer. In this paper, we extend this approach and propose a new Local Forest Classification and Regression (LFCR) framework in order to handle face images with large yaw angles. Specifically, the LFCR has an additional classification step prior to the regression step. Our experiment results show that this additional classification step is useful in rejecting outliers prior to the regression step, thus improving the face alignment results. We also analyze each system component through detailed experiments. In addition to the selection of feature descriptors and several important tuning parameters of the random forest regressor, we examine different initialization and shape regularization processes. We compare our best outcomes to the state-of-the-art system and show that our method outperforms other parametric shape-fitting approaches.
2016 The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers