日本機械学会論文集
Online ISSN : 2187-9761
ISSN-L : 2187-9761
指先に光学式近接覚センサを備えた多指ハンドによる同時接触での把持(物体表面の反射率推定とセンサ出力の補正)
小山 佳祐鈴木 陽介明 愛国下条 誠
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ジャーナル フリー 早期公開

論文ID: 15-00366

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In grasping of a robot hand, a contact timing of each finger has a influence on grasp success. In order to eliminate the gap and grasp an object quickly, proximity sensing from the robot surface is effective way. The sensor detects the object posture and distance in a several tens of millimeters from the robot surface. It enables that the robot adjusts postures and distance between the object and fingertips along the object surface. In this paper, we demonstrate a quick grasp with contacting each finger simultaneously by proximity sensors on fingertips. In order to realize the grasp by optical proximity sensors, we introduce our reflectance estimation of the object surface and calibration of the sensor output. This approach uses only the proximity sensor output and a relative moving distance of the fingertip. It is unnecessary to add extra equipment or sensor for estimation and calibration. It is possible to achieve the grasp regardless of the reflectance of the object surface. In the experiment, we confirmed that the approach can be applied to surface with different reflection characteristics (iron plate, aluminum plate, paper: cylinder and plane ), and the hand can grasp a object with various reflectance surfaces (31.9∼76.1%) quickly with contacting each fingertip within 0.056s.

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