2015 年 73 巻 2 号 p. 151-160
Actin is an essential cytoskeletal protein for the regulation of various cellular functions. A number of actin-stabilizing and depolymerizing agents have been discovered in marine invertebrates, and they show potent cytotoxicity. Among them, a polyketide macrolide aplyronine A has antitumor effects against xenograft in mice. However, the potent cytotoxicity and apoptogenic effect of aplyronine A was not entirely accounted for by its actin filament-severing properties, and its molecular targets and mechanisms of action remained unclear. We developed aplyronine A acetylene or biotin derivatives that bear an aryldiazirine group at the C34 terminus, which formed a covalent bond with actin. By using these chemical probes, we have showed that aplyronine A synergistically binds to tubulin in association with actin, and prevents spindle formation and mitosis in tumor cells. Our findings of aplyronine A will provide further insights into the molecular mechanisms of structurally diverse natural products that regulate cytoskeletal dynamics.