ABAS is an English-language, open-access online journal that communicates the results of business research conducted in Japan to overseas researchers. It is of course a refereed journal. ABAS is the first Japanese business studies journal to be archived on the international EBSCO host and ProQuest research databases. ABAS was founded in 2002, and is published by GBRC, a non-profit organization established primarily by interested members of the teaching staff of Department of Management, Graduate School of Economics of the University of Tokyo.Ten years after its foundation, ABAS was re-launched from Volume 11 in a new form. The new version was clearly distinguished from conventional national and international social science journals, adopting a completely new and different "ABAS style" to publish distinctive, stylish papers in the aim of becoming a frequently cited journal. This is the ABAS editorial policy.
What is ABAS style? 1. Each paper focuses on a single theory, data set, and concept, with a clear and simple theme. 2. The paper’s title and abstract are explanatory, enabling readers to immediately understand its theme and assertions. 3. Each paper is compact, aiming for a length of 10-15 pages so that it can be read in a single sitting. 4. English is used as a common global language, and the language is simple enough to be readily understood by non-native readers of English. 5. Advanced mathematical or statistical methods are not used.
ABAS places particular emphasis on the following three types of paper, which have been neglected by conventional journals, but which readers wish to read: a. Technical notes: Clarifying mistakes and problems in existing research. b. Fact-finding reports: Setting out interesting facts obtained from research data. c. Conceptual papers: Introducing and explaining interesting conceptual models developed either by the author or others.
Since the emergence of free software in the 1980s, the belief that software should be free has been quite widely held. During this period, the software developers took the leading role. As the 1990s began, there was a notable increase in the number of general users of open source software. Furthermore, developers and distro developers (who acted as both licensors and licensees, as well as users and developers) began to take a more active role in driving the direction of open source development. This period marked the emergence of the open source era, characterized by a greater convenience for distro developers. However, in the 2010s, the importance of platforms increased and previous control on licensing diminished. In other words, the history of free software and open source has been the history of how the parties holding the business initiative have been changing at each period.
Roadmap sales & marketing is a medium- to long-term solution sales & marketing conducted by teams. Compared to one off sales & marketing, the sales scale will be dozens of times. As a result, Company X changed its sales & marketing strategy from improving the efficiency of one-time sales to roadmap sales & marketing; however, the sales organization could not immediately adapt. Nevertheless, Company X adapted its sales organization through trial and error, and, as a result, achieved a dramatic increase in sales. This paper analyzes these efforts and presents them as three standardizations and one course correction mechanism. At first glance, this seems to be a case of organizational sales & marketing being superior to individual sales & marketing. However, the main aim was to switch to a superior strategy, and the organization succeeded in adapting to it later.
Based on a detailed case study of a Japanese venture firm, this study suggests that the unconscious routines practiced by entrepreneurs in innovation processes are critical. Research on organizational routines has asserted the following two points. First, when existing routines become proficient distant searches of new fields become difficult (Levitt & March, 1988; March, 1991) (the exploration problem). Second, existing routines tend to be lost during distant searches as they are impossible to combine with the outcomes of the distant searches to make new routines (Gavetti & Levinthal, 2000; Levinthal & Rerup, 2006) (the fusion problem). Nevertheless, Takao Kimura and Kimura Information Technology Co., Ltd. (KIT), discussed in this study, have succeeded in overcoming such problems to create a business with a competitive advantage. Our analysis of this process shows that if the existing routines are so proficient that they are practiced unconsciously, (1) it can help distant searches, and (2) the outcomes of the distant searches can be combined with existing routines.
To date, there has been a tendency to think that difficulty for service operations to run smoothly in healthcare organizations is attributed to resistance by professionals to changes in practices. By contrast, in the Kurashiki Chuo Hospital case reported in this paper, the true cause that obstructed safe and smooth service operations was in fact a lack of communication between units.
In the world of open source constructed on the basis of the Unix philosophy, there are cases of unsung heroic programs in obscure locations being maintained in a detailed way by a single unknown person or a small number of unknown people, mainly for personal reasons. However, if once these small programs close to the bottom rung of the ladder break, it may cause a loss of balance and collapse of our entire modern infrastructure. This is referred to as the Nebraska Problem in this paper. We can see from the actual and serious case of the Heartbleed bug that “the number of eyeballs” taken for granted in Linus's Law up to this point needs to be proactively secured, and we need to consider complementary measures, such as SBOM, against risk in advance.