When viewed from a person's point of view involved as NPO corporation in the field of regional development, role to expect in college there are three. Escort person, intermediate support, expert. The problem is bias and continuity. For solving the problems is, cooperation with the intermediate support organization is effective.
The purpose of this research is to investigate a role of Fisheries Cooperative Societies in reconstruction process of Earthquake affected small village on the sea. There are numerous small fishing villages that have various social and economic backgrounds in the victim areas of the Great East Japan Earthquake. The Fisheries cooperative at Hakozaki Peninsula in Kamaishi City carried out various measures required for improvement of the living standards of local residents before the Earthquake. This organizational experience ensured fair and equitable distribution of benefits through joint fishing just after the Earthquake.
Habitat expansion of wild boar (Sus scrafa) cross the waters in Island See is studied based on interview research conducted in all residential islands in Matsuyama City, Ehime Pref., Japan. Wild boar has immigrated around 1999 from the direction of Kashima Island, Hiroshima Pref. in the north. In A group islands where far from original habitat, sporadic damage phase exists for 6-8 years. After damage increase phase of 3-4 years, grate damage phase starts from 2009. In B group islands where near from original habitat, sporadic damage phase relatively short. In other islands far from original habitat and with very small area, wild boar has immigrated but not colonized. Gogo Island is now in sporadic damage phase, but predicted to go into damage increase phase in the near future. It is effective solution of wildlife-human conflict to make opportunity for local people getting information and learning opportunity about wild boar, as well as to monitor wild boar habitat expansion on the edge of original habitat, resulting in effective control of wild boar habitat.
Local production for local consumption of renewable energy is focused on as a policy of regional activation in rural area while it is considered a social problem that farmlands are desolate there. This report mentioned the cost during pilot production of willow, which is called one of the neo-generation biomass, in two small-scale idle farmlands (under one hectare) aiming for the farmlands preservation. From the results, we confirmed that the production by either outsourcing or land owner in this report were into the red (about -55,000 to -27,000 JPY/10 a) and that the yield of willow was about 1.0 dry-t/10a in one season although higher planting density reduce the yield per a tree regardless of the management frequency.