Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Online ISSN : 2186-1005
Print ISSN : 1341-1098
ISSN-L : 1341-1098
Advance online publication
Showing 1-47 articles out of 47 articles from Advance online publication
  • Nicolai Bayer, Warren Mark Hart, Tan Arulampalam, Colette Hamilton, Mi ...
    Article ID: ra.19-00310
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: September 14, 2020

    Bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has traditionally been limited. This review looks at the recent outcome data on BIMA in CABG focusing on the management of risk factors for mediastinitis, one of the potential barriers for more extensive BIMA utilization. A combination of pre-, intra- and postoperative strategies are essential to reduce mediastinitis. Limited data indicate that the incidence of mediastinitis can be reduced using closed incision negative-pressure wound therapy as a part of these strategies with the possibility of offering patients best treatment options by extending BIMA to those with a higher risk of mediastinitis. Recent economic data imply that the technology may challenge the current low uptake of BIMA by reducing the short-term cost differentials between single internal mammary artery and BIMA. Given that most published randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses of observational long-term outcome data favor BIMA, if short-term complications of BIMA including mediastinitis can be controlled adequately, there may be opportunities for more extensive use of BIMA leading to improved long-term outcomes. An ongoing study looking at BIMA in high-risk patients may provide evidence to support the hypothesis that mediastinitis should not be a factor in limiting the use of BIMA in CABG.

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  • Konstantina Spetsotaki, Rashad Zayat, Srinath Donuru, Ruediger Autschb ...
    Article ID: oa.20-00066
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: September 07, 2020

    Purpose: Benefits of off-pump coronary bypass (OPCAB) over on-pump (ONCAB) remain controversial. We aimed to evaluate the early impacts of OPCAB vs ONCAB for varying left ventricular (LV) function baselines by applying the non-invasive myocardial work (MW) analysis, which enables further insights in cardiac mechanics, contractility, and efficacy.

    Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 98 patients (55 ONCAB vs 43 OPCAB). Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and concurrent arterial blood pressure measurements taken at rest, prior to, and early after surgery were performed. Global myocardial work index (GMWI), global constructive work (GCW), and global work efficiency (GWE), inter alia, were quantified.

    Results: Preoperatively, OPCAB patients had significantly lower values than ONCAB patients in terms of GMWI (1404.33 ± 585.41 mmHg% vs 1619.07 ± 535.42 mmHg%, p = 0.039), GWE (90% (60%, 96%) vs 93% (74%, 98%), p = 0.028). After surgery, GMWI was reduced in both groups. However, a more significant GMWI impairment occurred early after ONCAB than after OPCAB (−343.14 ± 35.20 mmHg%, p <0.001 vs −224.04 ± 120.91 mmHg%, p = 0.042).

    Conclusion: Despite lower preoperative LV function in OPCAB patients, GMWIs after OPCAB were superior to ONCAB, indicating better preservation of systolic LV function early after OPCAB by means of contractility compared to ONCAB. Further studies should investigate the long-term course of MW response and their clinical impact.

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  • Kai-Peng Sun, Ning Xu, Shu-Ting Huang, Hua Cao, Qiang Chen
    Article ID: oa.20-00078
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: September 07, 2020

    Objective: To explore the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of children and adolescents with simple congenital heart defects before and after the transcatheter intervention.

    Methods: The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 scale was used to assess the quality of life of 78 children and adolescents before and after the transcatheter intervention and to evaluate the parents’ perception of their children’s quality of life.

    Results: In all, 76 patients were completed the study. The results showed that the scores of the four dimensions and the total score for the quality of life of the patients significantly improved 1 month after the intervention. At 6 months after treatment, the scores in all dimensions continued to improve. From the parents’ perspective, the scores of the patients in all dimensions improved significantly at 1 month and 6 months after treatment. In terms of the quality of life assessment, the self-assessment results of the patients were more positive than those of their parents.

    Conclusions: The results showed that the quality of life of children and adolescents with simple congenital heart defects can be positively affected by the transcatheter intervention. Moreover, this improvement is not transient and seems to increase over time.

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  • Naoto Ujiie, Yusuke Taniyama, Hiroshi Okamoto, Chiaki Sato, Kai Takaya ...
    Article ID: cr.20-00129
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: August 19, 2020

    A 63-year-old man with protein C deficiency underwent thoracoscopic esophagectomy and digestive reconstruction using a gastric tube for thoracic esophageal cancer. On postoperative day 3, the gastric tube was removed because of anastomotic leakage and gastric tube necrosis. Digestive reconstruction using a free jejunal graft was attempted 140 days after the first surgery. However, thrombus formation in the artery and vein of the jejunal graft resulted in a failed reconstruction. Ten days after this surgery, digestive reconstruction using the colon was performed with intraoperative heparin administered for anticoagulation control. The surgery was successful, with no thrombus formation afterward. When performing digestive reconstruction in patients with conditions predisposing to thrombus formation, perioperative management should be completed with careful attention toward preventing thrombus formation. In particular, appropriate anticoagulation control, such as the administration of intraoperative heparin, is recommended in patients with protein C deficiency because necrosis of the reconstructed organ is likely.

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  • Zhenhua Zhang, Haiping Yang, Yuehuan Li, Jie Han, Yan Li, Xu Meng, Hai ...
    Article ID: oa.20-00029
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: August 19, 2020

    Purpose: Left atrial appendage (LAA) isolation is an effective surgical treatment for decreasing thromboembolic risk. We sought to evaluate the short-term effect of minimally invasive surgery with LAA excision on left atrial dynamic and endocrine function in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients.

    Methods: A total of 52 patients with paroxysmal AF undergoing minimally invasive surgery with LAA excision in Anzhen Hospital from October 2012 to June 2014 were enrolled in the study. The natriuretic peptide plasma level was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and left atrial dynamic function was measured preprocedure by real-time three-dimensional echocardiography and postprocedure after 7 days and 3 months.

    Results: With the exception of six recurrences, 88.5% (46/52) of the patients were prospectively followed over 3 months in terms of their sinus rhythm postprocedure. No severe operative complications or embolism events occurred within those 3 months. Echocardiography showed a 3–6% decrease in left atrial volume postprocedure, and dynamic function was largely restored by 3 months. There was no significant change in natriuretic peptide levels, although a slight decrease was detected 7 days postprocedure, which gradually recovered by 3 months (P = 0.350).

    Conclusions: There are no significant differences in left atrial dynamics and natriuretic peptide secretion in AF patients after minimally invasive surgery with LAA excision.

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  • Kimihiro Kobayashi, Tetsuro Uchida, Yoshinori Kuroda, Atushi Yamashita ...
    Article ID: nm.20-00099
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: August 01, 2020

    Endograft infection after abdominal endovascular aortic repair is a rare but catastrophic complication associated with high perioperative mortality and postoperative recurrent infection. The optimal surgical treatment is still controversial, particularly regarding in situ or extra-anatomical revascularization. Herein, we describe a successful surgically treated case of a patient with an endograft infection complicated with abscess formation in the retroperitoneal space around the right common iliac artery. We performed an aortobifemoral bypass grafting using the reversed L-shaped technique by rerouting the right leg of the new prosthesis to avoid the infected area. The patient is doing well 1 year after surgery without recurrent infection. This technique was considered to be advantageous because revascularization could be performed remotely from the infected area.

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  • Tatsuya Kato, Aki Fujiwara-Kuroda, Nobuyuki Shiina, Masato Aragaki, Hi ...
    Article ID: nm.20-00128
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: August 01, 2020

    The Montgomery T-tube is widely used to stent airway stenotic diseases. Conventional insertion methods can sometimes fail in the case of long-distance subglottic stenosis due to the flexibility of a T-tube made of silicon, which kinks when forced against resistance. Therefore, an alternative approach can assist in the insertion of an extra-long T-tube, especially when using a long proximal limb. We report herein the case of a patient with a large mediastinal tumor caused by neurofibromatosis type 1 in which airway obstruction was avoided through the use of a novel extra-long T-tube placement technique.

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  • Koen Selten, Heike Schnoering, Rashad Zayat, Ali Aljalloud, Ajay Moza, ...
    Article ID: oa.19-00293
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: July 02, 2020

    Purpose: Deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) and mediastinitis are devastating complications after median sternotomy. Previous studies demonstrated an effective prevention of sternal wound infection (SWI) using an external sternal corset in high-risk cardiac surgery patients. The aim of this study is to assess the preventive effect of the Stern-E-Fix corset in high-risk poststernotomy female patients.

    Methods: A total of 145 high-risk female patients undergoing cardiac surgery through median sternotomy were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into group A (n = 71), who received the Stern-E-Fix corset (Fendel & Keuchen GmbH, Aachen, Germany), and group B (n = 74), who received the elastic thorax bandage (SanThorax) postoperatively for 6 weeks. The mean follow-up period was 12 weeks.

    Results: Incidence of SWI was 7% in group A vs. 17.6% in group B (p = 0.025). One patient presented with DSWI in group A vs. seven patients in group B (p = 0.063). No patient developed mediastinitis in group A vs. four patients in group B (p = 0.121). In all, 4.2% of group A patients required operative wound therapy vs. 16.2% of group B patients (p = 0.026). The length of hospital stay was significantly longer in group B (p = 0.006).

    Conclusion: Using an external supportive sternal corset (Stern-E-Fix) yields a significantly better and effective prevention against development of sternal dehiscence, DSWI, and mediastinitis in high-risk poststernotomy female patients.

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  • Fumihiro Miyashita, Takeshi Kinoshita, Tomoaki Suzuki, Tohru Asai
    Article ID: oa.20-00020
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: July 02, 2020

    Purpose: This study was conducted to identify predictors of respiratory failure after open repair of descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (DTAA), and to identify any relationship between respiratory failure and long-term survival.

    Methods: A total of 75 patients undergoing elective open DTAA repair at the Shiga University of Medical Science Hospital were included in the study. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the odds ratios for incident postoperative respiratory failure after open DTAA repair. Survival over time was estimated by the Kaplan–Meier method.

    Results: Respiratory failure, defined as ventilation dependence for longer than 48 hours, occurred in 11 patients (14.7%). Independent predictors of respiratory failure after DTAA included prolonged operation time and reduced preoperative forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity × 100 (FEV1%). In-hospital mortality was higher (p = 0.020) among patients with respiratory failure (18.2% of those who suffered respiratory failure) than among those without (0%). The survival rates at 8 years were significantly lower (p = 0.010) in the respiratory failure group (at 44.2%) than in the group without respiratory failure (at 89.0%).

    Conclusion: Lower FEV1% and longer operation time were risk factors of postoperative respiratory failure after open repair of DTAA, which in turn is associated with significantly reduced long-term survival.

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  • Cong Chen, Zihuai Wang, Jianqi Hao, Xiaohu Hao, Jian Zhou, Nan Chen, L ...
    Article ID: ra.20-00039
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: July 02, 2020

    Chylothorax is caused by the accumulation of chylous fluid in the pleural cavity due to the injury of the thoracic duct or its tributaries. Chylothorax following lung cancer surgery, especially pulmonary resection and mediastinal lymph node dissection, is a raw potential postoperative complication as previously reported. Chylothorax might lead to a high mortality rate if not addressed in a timely fashion. This article reviews the anatomy of the thoracic duct, risk factors of postoperative chylothorax, diagnoses and management with chylothorax, and intraoperative prevention of chylothorax. With the development of researches on postoperative chylothorax, more effective treatment and prevention measures need to be proposed to better solve this clinical problem.

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  • Masahiro Kitada, Yoshinobu Ohsaki, Shunsuke Yasuda, Masahiro Abe, Nana ...
    Article ID: oa.20-00014
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: June 10, 2020
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  • Koji Furukawa, Mitsuhiro Yano, Hirohito Ishii, Shuhei Sakaguchi, Kousu ...
    Article ID: oa.20-00035
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: June 10, 2020

    Purpose: To evaluate clinical outcomes of customized mitral valve plasty (MVP) for the treatment of functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) with a low ejection fraction (EF) and to determine which preoperative factors affected the clinical outcome.

    Methods and Results: MVP was adjusted according to the degree of left ventricle (LV) remodeling. We performed mitral annuloplasty (MAP) alone in 14 patients and added subvalvular procedures (SVPs) in 22 patients at a high risk of recurrent MR. During follow-up, reverse LV remodeling was obtained and the 3-year and 5-year non-recurrence rates of MR grade ≥2 were 94% and 89%, respectively. Two patients died during their hospital stay, and four more patients died of cardiac causes during follow-up. The 3-year and 5-year rates of freedom from cardiac-related mortality were 86% and 81%, respectively; no significant difference was observed between the two treatment groups. Right ventricular fractional area change (RVFAC) was a significant predictor of cardiac mortality. Patients with an RVFAC of <26% had significantly poorer cardiac-related mortality (71% at 3 years) than those with an RVFAC of ≥26% (95% at 3 years).

    Conclusion: Customized MVP provided durable mitral competence and reverse LV remodeling. Preoperative RV function was associated with cardiac-related mortality.

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  • Shu-Ting Huang, Ning Xu, Kai-Peng Sun, Qiang Chen, Hua Cao
    Article ID: oa.20-00003
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: June 03, 2020

    Objective: To investigate the effect of treprostinil on the early postoperative prognosis of patients with severe left heart valvular disease combined with severe pulmonary hypertension (PAH).

    Methods: A retrospective study including 55 patients with severe left heart valvular disease combined with severe PAH who underwent left heart valve replacement in our hospital between January 2019 and May 2019 was conducted. Patients were divided into two groups (treprostinil group and control group), and the clinical data of patients in the two groups were compared and analyzed.

    Results: Compared with the preoperative status, the mean postoperative pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) in both groups was significantly lower. Compared with the control group, the treprostinil group had a significantly lower mPAP. Moreover, the postoperative mechanical ventilation time, intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and hospital stay of the treprostinil group were significantly shorter than those of the control group. There were no serious drug-related side effects in either group.

    Conclusions: Treprostinil can improve the early postoperative prognosis of patients with severe left heart valvular disease combined with severe PAH undergoing prosthetic valve replacement.

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  • Yoshihito Iijima, Yuki Nakajima, Hiroyasu Kinoshita, Yu Nishimura, Tos ...
    Article ID: oa.20-00018
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: June 03, 2020

    Objectives: To determine the outcomes and prognostic factors associated with pulmonary resection of pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma (PPC).

    Methods: During 2008–2017, 17 patients underwent pulmonary resection for primary PPC at the Saitama Cancer Center, Japan. We investigated clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes of these cases. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates were determined using Kaplan–Meier method and compared using log-rank test. Univariate analysis was performed to identify prognostic factors.

    Results: The 5-year OS and DFS rates were 27.2% and 51.0%, respectively. The median follow-up period was 30.8±24.9 (3.6–92.8) months after pulmonary resections. Patients with disease-free interval (DFI) <1 year of resection had poorer prognosis than those without (p = 0.001). Patients with N2 status and adenocarcinoma components had significantly poorer disease-free prognosis than their counterparts (p = 0.021 and p = 0.019, respectively). Univariate analysis revealed that DFI <1 year was an unfavorable prognostic factor for OS (p = 0.005); N2 pathological status and presence of adenocarcinoma components were unfavorable prognostic factors for DFS (p = 0.038 and p = 0.036, respectively).

    Conclusion: PPC patients with an adenocarcinoma component and N2 pathological status may have an earlier relapse and poorer prognosis than their counterparts. Further assessment of cases may help clarify the predictors of PPC.

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  • Hong Pu, Yu Lei, Dongqiong Yuan, Yan Zhou
    Article ID: oa.20-00005
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: May 29, 2020

    Purposes: Patients who require surgeries for traumatic post-tracheotomy tracheal stenosis (PTTS) often cannot be supported using conventional airway management approaches. This study documents the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in patients with PTTS.

    Methods: Patient characteristics, procedure, and outcome of patients who required tracheal reconstruction surgery for PTTS supported by ECMO were retrieved and analyzed.

    Results: Four patients (mean age 28 years; range 17–48 years) with traumatic PTTS underwent tracheal reconstruction surgery supported by ECMO. The mean time from removal of tracheotomy tube to admission was 3.2 months (range: 1–9 months). The mean diameter of the stenotic segment was 5 mm (range: 4–6 mm). One patient underwent tracheoplasty and semi-tracheostomy with venoarterial ECMO urgently. Three patients underwent tracheal resection and end-to-end anastomosis (TRE) with venovenous ECMO empirically. Intervention success was achieved in 100% (4/4) of patients. The mean duration of ECMO was 35.3 hours (range: 16–53 hours). The overall survival rate was 100% (4/4) within a mean follow-up of 26 months (range: 7–57 months).

    Conclusions: ECMO is a safe and feasible method to support oxygenation for patients with critical traumatic PTTS during tracheal reconstruction surgery.

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  • Tomoki Nishida, Naoko Isogai, Rai Shimoyama, Jun Kawachi, Toshitaka Ts ...
    Article ID: cr.19-00302
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: May 18, 2020

    We report a surgical case of bronchial artery aneurysm (BAA) that directly connected to a pulmonary artery and a pulmonary vein through an abnormal vessel. It was complicated by racemose hemangioma. This is a rare vascular malformation. An 82-year-old female had a large BAA that was found incidentally. First, we consider treating the BAA with embolization by interventional radiology (IVR). However, because of strong meandering of the bronchial artery, we could not advance a microcatheter into the BAA. Therefore, a surgical operation was performed through a standard posterior lateral thoracotomy. The BAA was located between the upper and lower lobes and directly connected to the pulmonary artery. Some bronchial artery branches that provided inflow to the aneurysm were ligated, and the abnormal vessel that connected the BAA to the upper pulmonary vein was ligated easily. A fistula between the BAA and pulmonary artery was sutured by the cardiovascular surgeon using an artificial cardiopulmonary device, with permissive stenosis of A2b (ascending A2).

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  • Roberto Marchese, Grazia Poidomani, Vincenzo Davide Palumbo, Chiara Lo ...
    Article ID: oa.19-00040
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: May 18, 2020

    Background: The lobar airway stenting remains an endoscopic procedure not well standardized in patients with locally advanced lung cancer disease. The goal of this study was to evaluate technical feasibility, clinical outcome, and complications of different stents in patients with malignant lesions involving lobar bronchi, primary and secondary carina.

    Methods: Between November 2008 and October 2013, we retrospectively analyzed 146 patients with benign and malignant tracheobronchial stenosis who underwent airway stent insertion below main carina and main bronchi.

    Results: In all, 170 airway stenting procedures were performed on 146 patients. In all, 51 of them with malignant peripheral airway stenosis underwent stents placement below main carina. In all but one patient, the deployment of stents was successful with improvement of symptoms. The chest radiograph after the procedure detected the lung re-expansion in 29 of 51 patients. The mean follow-up duration was 123 days ± 157. Complications observed included stent migration, tumor overgrowth, infections, granulation tissue formation, and obstruction due to tenacious secretions. Longer survival was observed in patients who received additional treatment after airway stenting compared to those who did not (p <0.01).

    Conclusions: Stenting of lobar bronchi and primary or secondary carina is technically feasible, effective, and acceptably safe.

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  • Mariana Fragão-Marques, Jennifer Mancio, João Oliveira, Inês Falcão-Pi ...
    Article ID: oa.19-00314
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: April 28, 2020

    Purpose: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been associated with increased risk of death in women but not in men. We aimed to explore predictors and long-term mortality in POAF following isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) surgery in men and women.

    Methods: This study included 379 severe aortic stenosis patients with no prior atrial fibrillation (AF) who underwent isolated AVR surgery. We used multiple logistic regression to investigate independent gender-specific predictors of new-onset POAF, and we performed Kaplan–Meier (KM) to determine the impact of POAF in long-term mortality according to gender.

    Results: Advanced age and coronary artery disease prevalence were higher among POAF patients in both genders. On multiple analysis, increased postoperative peak lactate was independently associated with POAF in men, while lower mean aortic valve gradient was associated with POAF in women. Area under the curve (AUC) for the model was 0.77 [0.68–0.86] and 0.69 [0.60–0.78] for men and women, respectively. At 4-year follow-up, POAF was linked to increased risk of death in men but not in women.

    Conclusion: In severe aortic stenosis, factors associated with POAF and its impact on mortality differed between genders, with an increased risk of death observed only in men.

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  • Kimihiro Igari, Toshifumi Kudo, Sotaro Katsui, Masato Nishizawa, Hiroy ...
    Article ID: oa.19-00300
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: April 22, 2020

    Purpose: We evaluated the clinical outcomes of aortofemoral bypass (AoFB) and axillofemoral bypass (AxFB) surgeries for complex aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) and compared them from the perspectives of safety and efficacy.

    Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 21 patients with AoFB grafting and 9 patients with AxFB grafting. The demographic information of the patients was examined, and the intra-, peri-, and postoperative results as well as long-term outcomes were evaluated.

    Results: In the AoFB, 2 of 21 (9.5%) cases had intra- and perioperative complications, and 4 of 21 (19.0%) cases had postoperative complications; however, there were no postoperative mortalities. In the AxFB, two of nine (22.2%) cases had postoperative graft thrombosis; however, again there were no postoperative mortalities. According to Kaplan–Meier analysis, the primary patency rates in the AoFB and AxFB groups at 5 years were 94.8% and 53.6%, respectively (P = 0.001), while the limb salvage rates at 5 years were 96.4% and 92.9%, respectively (P = 0.320).

    Conclusions: Even though the patency rates with AxFB grafting were inferior to those with AoFB grafting, AxFB was able to achieve equivalent limb salvage rates and should thus be considered as an alternative treatment method, especially when limb salvage is a goal.

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  • Yasuji Terada, Shigeyuki Tamari, Tadashi Gomyoda, Mamoru Takahashi, Te ...
    Article ID: cr.19-00311
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: April 10, 2020

    We describe a 69-year-old woman with primary lung cancer in the right lower lobe invasive to the left atrium (LA) via the pulmonary vein (PV). The tumor in the LA measured 30 × 26 mm, and to avoid critical embolism preoperative induction therapy was not performed. The patient underwent right thoracotomy under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and the atrial septum was incised via the right atrium. The tumor was placed out of the LA, followed by lobectomy. For right lung tumors invading the LA, the bilateral trans-septal approach is useful for confirming the surgical margin.

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  • Yoshimasa Tokunaga, Yusuke Kita, Taku Okamoto
    Article ID: oa.20-00010
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: March 27, 2020

    Purpose: Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a potential serious complication of lobectomy or more radical surgery for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We aimed to evaluate the risk factors for BPF.

    Methods: The study cohort comprised 635 patients who had undergone lobectomy or more radical surgery for NSCLC from March 2005 to December 2017. We examined the following risk factors for BPF: surgical procedure, medical history, preoperative treatment, and surgical management.

    Results: In all, 10 patients (1.6%) had developed postoperative BPFs. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that surgical procedure, medical history (arteriosclerosis obliterans [ASO]), and bronchial stump reinforcement were significant risk factors. Multivariate analysis showed that only surgical procedure (right lower lobectomy, p = 0.011, odds ratio = 17.4; right middle lower lobectomy, p = 0.003, odds ratio = 59.4; right pneumonectomy, p <0.001, odds ratio = 166.0) was a significant risk factor. Multivariate analysis confined to the surgical procedure of lobectomy showed that right lower lobectomy (p = 0.011, odds ratio = 36.5) and diabetes (HbA1c ≥8.0) (p = 0.022, odds ratio = 31.7) were significant risk factors.

    Conclusion: When lobectomy or more radical surgery is performed for NSCLC, right lower lobectomy, middle lower lobectomy, and right pneumonectomy are significant risk factors for postoperative BPF. Thoracic surgeons should acquire the techniques of bronchoplasty and angioplasty to avoid such invasive procedures.

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  • Yunfeng Li, Hongwei Guo, Luchen Wang, Shenghua Liang, Xiaogang Sun
    Article ID: oa.19-00288
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: March 11, 2020
    Supplementary material

    Purpose: Total aortic arch replacement (TAR) with frozen elephant trunk (FET) is the standard operation for treating aortic dissection (AD) patients involving aortic arch with high operative risk due to long circulatory arrest (CA). We used aortic balloon occlusion technique that safely reduced the CA time to 5 min in average and investigated whether it can improve the clinical endpoints.

    Methods: All patients diagnosed with AD and underwent TAR with FET operation (123 with aortic balloon occlusion and 221 with conventional method) in Fuwai Hospital during August 2017 and February 2019 was reviewed in this retrospective observational study.

    Results: After propensity score matching, the 30-day mortality of aortic balloon occlusion group and conventional group was 4.88% and 11.38% (P = 0.062), respectively. In multivariate analysis, aortic balloon occlusion is one of the factors that reduced the risk for renal and hepatic injury, shortened postoperative conscious revival time, and reduced red blood cell (RBC) transfusion during operation.

    Conclusions: The aortic balloon occlusion technique, as a perfusion strategy during operation, could alleviate postoperative complication. This method deserves further attention in future clinical practice for its value in treating patients with higher operative risks.

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  • Zhao An, Meng-Wei Tan, Shang-Yi Yu, Ye Ma, Fang-Lin Lu, Zhi-Yun Xu
    Article ID: oa.19-00216
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: March 10, 2020
    Supplementary material

    Objective: Aortic endovascular stent implantation includes thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR), hybrid aortic repair (HAR), and ascending aorta stent implantation (AASI). In this study, we compared the surgical outcomes of stent-related type A dissection (SRTAD) compared with spontaneous type A dissection (STAD).

    Methods: From July 2011 to July 2014, we identified 17 SRTAD patients received surgical repair in our institution. Propensity score-matching was used to identify 34 STAD patients as controls.

    Results: Preoperative data of SRTAD group and STAD group had no statistical difference. Selective cerebral perfusion (SCP) time was longer in SRTAD group than in STAD group (P <0.05). SRTAD group had a longer cross-clamp time compared with STAD group (P <0.05). No intraoperative deaths in two groups. No differences in CPB time and concomitant procedures between two groups. In-hospital mortality was 11.76% (2 of 17) in SRTAD group and 2.9% (1 of 34) in STAD group (P <0.05). No differences were found in intensive care unit (ICU) time, ventilation, paraparesis, and other postoperative complications between SRTAD and STAD groups. No difference was found in survival rate between SRTAD and STAD groups in the postoperative 1-year follow-up.

    Conclusions: SRTAD patients received surgical repair had a higher in-hospital mortality compared with STAD, but no differences were found in postoperative complications and mid-term outcomes.

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  • Yuki Ono, Gouji Toyokawa, Tetsuzo Tagawa, Kayo Ijichi, Yoshinao Oda, M ...
    Article ID: cr.19-00244
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: February 27, 2020

    Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a fibroinflammatory condition which involves various organs. This is a very rare case of IgG4-related lung disease (IgG4-RLD) with the invasion into diaphragm. The patient was a 71-year-old man with a long-term exposure to asbestos who had a mass shadow in the left lower lung lobe, which was suspected to invade the left diaphragm on computed tomography (CT). Positron emission tomography (PET)/CT also presented an avid intake of fluorodeoxyglucose in the mass, which suspected lung cancer. Although bronchoscopic biopsy could not lead to the definite diagnosis, we performed left lower lobectomy combined with the resection of left diaphragm. The specimen showed the features of IgG4-RLD on pathology: the vein stenosis and fibrosis around the vein, the infiltration of IgG4-positive cells, and IgG cells to IgG4 cells ratio of 40%. Furthermore, there were inflammatory cells infiltrating to the diaphragm.

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  • Toshiyuki Nagata, Kazuhiro Ueda, Souichi Suzuki, Yasuhiro Tokuda, Kent ...
    Article ID: oa.19-00291
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: February 19, 2020

    Purpose: The diagnostic potential of conventional multi-planar reconstruction (MPR) images, which consist of horizontal, frontal, and sagittal section, in approximating the anatomical distance between tumors and intersegmental planes remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to clarify the validity of decision-making for segmentectomy based on MPR imaging and identify a specific tumor location that is likely to result in the overestimation of the anatomical margin on MPR images.

    Methods: The study population included 33 patients who were considered eligible for segmentectomy based on the observation of MPR images, and verified using a commercially available image-analysis software whether the decision-making based on MPR images was indeed correct or not.

    Results: MPR image-based assessment resulted in the overestimation of the anatomical margin in as many as 8 (24%) of the 33 patients. Overestimation predominantly occurred in cases involving patients with tumors at certain segments (right S1, right S2, right S3, left S3, and left S4) that had a complex and oblique intersegmental plane.

    Conclusion: Conventional MPR image-based assessment frequently resulted in the overestimation of the anatomical margin. We recommend using software-based assessment preoperatively in patients with tumors in the risky segments, particularly in cases involving indistinct tumors.

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  • Fumihiro Shoji, Yuka Kozuma, Gouji Toyokawa, Koji Yamazaki, Sadanori T ...
    Article ID: oa.19-00315
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: February 19, 2020

    Background: Complete blood cell count (CBC)-derived inflammatory biomarkers are widely used as prognostic parameters for various malignancies, but the best predictive biomarker for early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is unclear. We retrospectively analyzed early-stage NSCLC patients to investigate predictive effects of preoperative CBC-derived inflammatory biomarkers.

    Patients and Methods: We selected 311 consecutive patients with pathological stage IA NSCLC surgically resected from April 2006 to December 2012. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional analyses of recurrence-free survival (RFS) were used to test the preoperative systemic immune inflammation index (SII), neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet–lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and monocyte–lymphocyte ratio (MLR).

    Results: Preoperative high MLR levels were significantly associated with patient sex, smoking status, and postoperative recurrence (p <0.0001, p = 0.0307, and p = 0.0146, respectively), and preoperative high SII levels were significantly correlated with postoperative recurrence (p = 0.0458). Neither NLR nor PLR were associated with any related factors. Only preoperative MLR levels (p = 0.0269) were identified as an independent predictor of shorter RFS. The relative risk (RR) for preoperative high MLR level versus low level patients was 2.259 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.094–5.000). Five-year RFS rates in patients with preoperatively high MLR levels were significantly lower than in those with low MLR levels (82.21% vs. 92.05%, p = 0.0062). In subgroup analysis by tumor size and MLR level, the high MLR level subgroup with tumors >2 cm had significantly shorter RFS than other subgroups (p = 0.0289).

    Conclusions: The preoperative MLR level is the optimal predictor of recurrence in patients with pathological stage IA NSCLC.

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  • Masaya Yamoto, Koji Fukumoto, Naoto Urushihara
    Article ID: cr.19-00198
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: January 29, 2020

    Introduction: Congenital tracheal stenosis (CTS) with a bilateral tracheal bronchus (TB) has not been reported as a subtype of CTS. A novel technique to manage CTS in patients with a bilateral TB is described.

    Case Report: An infant with tetralogy of Fallot underwent repair of cardiac anomaly at age 1 month. He experienced numerous cyanosis and episodes of transient respiratory arrest. Chest computed tomography (CT) demonstrated an aberrant bilateral upper lobe bronchus arising directly from the trachea and a stenotic trachea connecting the pseudo- carina to the true carina between the common right lower and left lower bronchus. On bronchoscopy, the diameter of the lumen of the narrowed segment was estimated to be less than 2 mm. Tracheal reconstruction was undertaken when he was 2 years of age. The surgical technique using a modified slide tracheoplasty for the correction of this anomaly are described. After surgery, the patient was extubated and has had no respiratory symptoms.

    Discussion and Conclusion: The patient had unique anatomic considerations that made reconstruction challenging. Our technique of covering a stenotic section by normal trachea is a modification of the slide tracheoplasty technique and is useful for CTS with a unilateral and a bilateral TB.

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  • Kensuke Kojima, Tetsuki Sakamoto, Teiko Sakurai, Yuriko Yagi, Tomoki U ...
    Article ID: cr.19-00235
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: January 29, 2020

    A 62-year-old woman with a history of lung resection for lung cancer was admitted to our hospital due to cough, which became progressively more severe. She was diagnosed with chronic empyema with bronchopleural fistula (BPF) of the right upper bronchial stump. Although a pedicled muscle flap was transposed to the empyema cavity, the fistula remained. We used a vacuum-assisted closure system after open-window thoracotomy and observed the cavity reduction with expansion of the transposed muscle flap. We quantitatively evaluated the dynamics of the cavity change using a three-dimensional image analysis system. A reduction of the volume of the muscle flap by prolonged empyema and expansion of the muscle flap was observed immediately after vacuum-assisted management. However, expansion of the right residual lung was not recognized. Pedicled muscle flap transposition followed by vacuum-assisted management after open-window thoracotomy may be effective for treating chronic empyema caused by BPF.

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  • Naoko Miura, Fumihiro Shoji, Yuka Kozuma, Gouji Toyokawa, Koji Yamazak ...
    Article ID: oa.19-00207
    Published: 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: January 29, 2020

    Background: Elderly non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients are increasing. In general, elderly patients often have more comorbidities and worse immune-nutritional condition.

    Patients and methods: In total, 122 NSCLC patients aged 75 years or older, underwent thoracic surgery between January 2007 and December 2010. In all, 99 of 122 patients (81.1%) who had preoperative comorbidities were retrospectively analyzed. We evaluated the preoperative immune-nutritional condition using the controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score.

    Results: We decided the best cutoff value for CONUT score was 1; as a result, 42 of 99 patients (42.4%) had abnormal preoperative CONUT score. Univariate analyses showed sex (P = 0.0099), smoking status (P = 0.0176), pathological stage (P = 0.0095), and preoperative CONUT score (P = 0.0175) significantly affected overall survival (OS). In multivariate analysis, pathological stage (relative risk (RR): 2.12; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10–3.90; P = 0.0268) and preoperative CONUT score (RR: 2.10; 95% CI: 1.20–3.67; P = 0.0094) were shown to be independent prognostic factors. In Kaplan–Meier analysis of OS, the preoperative abnormal CONUT score group had significantly shorter OS than did the preoperative normal CONUT score group (P = 0.0152, log-rank test); however, there were no statistical differences both in disease-free survival (DFS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS; P = 0.9238 and P = 0.8661, log-rank test, respectively). In total, 22 patients (46.8%) were dead caused by other diseases such as pneumonia or other organs malignancies.

    Conclusion: Preoperative abnormal CONUT score is a poor prognostic factor for the elderly NSCLC patients with preoperative comorbidities and might predict poor postoperative outcome caused by not primary lung cancer but other diseases.

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  • Masahiro Fujii, Ryuzo Bessho
    Article ID: oa.19-00240
    Published: 2019
    [Advance publication] Released: December 09, 2019

    Purpose: Sivelestat, a neutrophil elastase inhibitor, attenuates global ischemia-induced myocardial damage and coronary endothelial dysfunction. Here, we investigated whether sivelestat exerts the cardioprotective effects against cardioplegic arrest in rat hearts.

    Methods: Isolated Langendorff-perfused rat hearts were randomly allocated to three groups and subjected to 2-min infusions with St. Thomas’ Hospital cardioplegic solution No. 2 (STH2) and 30-min global ischemia followed by 60-min reperfusion as follows: (i) control (STH2 treatment only), (ii) sivelestat (19 μmol/L) infusion for the first 10 min of reperfusion, and (iii) sivelestat (19 μmol/L) infusion for 10 min before ischemia and for the first 10 min of reperfusion. Left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) recovery and troponin T leakage were measured at the end of reperfusion. Coronary flow response to acetylcholine (ACh) was assessed.

    Results: Single and multiple doses of sivelestat significantly improved LVDP recovery (69 ± 15 and 69 ± 14 vs 48 ± 15 [control]; p <0.05) and decreased troponin T leakage (0.4 ± 0.3 and 0.7 ± 0.5 vs 1.7 ± 0.6 [control]; p <0.05). Multiple doses of sivelestat significantly improved coronary flow response to ACh (121 ± 9 vs 105 ± 4; p <0.05).

    Conclusions: Addition of sivelestat to STH2 attenuates myocardial injury after cardioplegic arrest in rat hearts. This cardioprotective effect was achieved even when sivelestat was administered during early reperfusion.

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  • Valentin Govedarski, Elitsa Dimitrova, Emil Hadzhiev, Borislav Denchev ...
    Article ID: cr.19-00243
    Published: 2019
    [Advance publication] Released: December 06, 2019

    Bilateral aorto-profunda femoris bypass with Dacron bifurcation graft was performed by a patient with aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) and horseshoe kidney (HSK) who had undergone stenting of the right common iliac artery and of the left superficial femoral artery with subsequent stent thrombosis as well as significant subrenal aortic stenosis. As endovascular treatment was not feasible and surgical treatment by means of transperitoneal incision would be associated with high risk of damage to the HSK, the operation was successfully accomplished through left pararectal retroperitoneal approach.

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  • Katsunari Matsuoka, Tetsu Yamada, Takahisa Matsuoka, Shinjiro Nagai, M ...
    Article ID: cr.19-00116
    Published: 2019
    [Advance publication] Released: September 26, 2019

    Solitary splenic metastasis from primary lung cancer is extremely rare. Here, we demonstrated a solitary splenic metastasis of primary lung cancer that was difficult to distinguish from benign cystic disease. A 69-year-old-female was diagnosed as middle lobe lung cancer. Although preoperative abdominal computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a low-density splenic nodule, fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) revealed no fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in the splenic nodule. Therefore, the nodule was diagnosed as benign cystic disease and middle lobe lobectomy was performed. Postoperative pathologic examination demonstrated papillary-predominant adenocarcinoma with mucin, and the tumor was diagnosed as primary lung cancer. However, the splenic nodule continued to increase postoperatively. Splenectomy was undergone 30 months after the pulmonary resection and the splenic tumor was diagnosed as the splenic metastasis of lung cancer. In the 24 months since the splenectomy, no recurrence has been observed in the absence of treatment. Splenectomy was an effective treatment for solitary splenic metastasis of lung cancer in this case. FDG uptake in the splenic tumor was not evident due to marked mucus production.

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  • Chika Nakashima, Hiroaki Harada, Satoshi Shibata
    Article ID: cr.19-00145
    Published: 2019
    [Advance publication] Released: September 20, 2019

    Spontaneous hemothorax caused by the rupture of a benign schwannoma has rarely been reported. Herein, we present the successful excision of an extremely rare case of mediastinal ancient schwannoma causing intrathoracic bleeding. A 27-year-old man was admitted to our emergency department because of back pain and dyspnea. Computed tomography revealed massive pleural effusion with a posterior mediastinal tumor. We performed a resection of the tumor which had ruptured, and the tumor was diagnosed as an ancient schwannoma.

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  • Daisuke Sato, Sohei Hayashi, Shozo Sakata, Riken Kawachi, Mie Shimamur ...
    Article ID: cr.19-00154
    Published: 2019
    [Advance publication] Released: August 23, 2019

    Mediastinal ectopic goiter is a thyroid tumor that lies entirely below a plane extending from the superior surface of the first thoracic vertebra to the suprasternal notch, and commonly lies in the vicinity of the thymus. Intrapericardial ectopic goiter is extremely rare. We present an extremely rare case of a 63-year-old woman with an intrapericardial ectopic goiter and review the pertinent literature.

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  • Eiji Nakajima, Hidenobu Takashi, Osamu Taira, Kentarou Fukuda, Kinya F ...
    Article ID: cr.19-00081
    Published: 2019
    [Advance publication] Released: June 12, 2019

    Glomus tumors originate from a neuroarterial structure called the glomus body, and grow mostly in soft tissue. It is rare for glomus tumors to develop in the respiratory system. The patient of the present case had an abnormal shadow in the right lung on chest X-ray, and computed tomography (CT) findings displayed a lung tumor in the right S6. Bronchoscopy was performed for the diagnosis of the lung tumor, and a polypoid bronchial tumor was unexpectedly found to occupy the right B3. The bronchial tumor was diagnosed as a glomus tumor, and the lung tumor was diagnosed as an adenocarcinoma. The bronchial glomus tumor was cauterized by argon plasma coagulation (APC). Three weeks after the cauterization by APC, the right lower lobectomy was performed for the treatment of the lung adenocarcinoma. The patient has remained disease free for 2 years.

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  • Yutaka Miyawaki, Hiroshi Sato, Hideki Yokogawa, Shinichi Sakuramoto, K ...
    Article ID: cr.19-00041
    Published: 2019
    [Advance publication] Released: May 14, 2019

    The progress and popularization of microvascular surgical techniques may improve the outcomes of esophageal reconstruction using non-gastric tube (GT) grafts. A pedicled jejunum (PJ) with microvascular anastomoses is frequently selected as a reconstructed conduit for esophageal reconstruction when the GT is unavailable, and the internal thoracic (IT) vein is frequently selected as a recipient blood vessel for microvascular anastomosis. However, the IT vein may be inadequate for microvascular anastomosis because of its absence or underdevelopment. Since it is difficult to preoperatively predict such rare cases, it becomes necessary to urgently and rapidly prepare an alternative blood vessel. Herein, we present surgical procedures for superdrainage using the cephalic vein (CeV). Due the superficial nature of the CeV, it is both easy to identify and collect sufficient length. Thus, the CeV is very useful as an urgent substitute blood vessel when the IT vein is unavailable for microvascular anastomosis in esophageal reconstruction.

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  • Kenshi Yoshimura, Hideyuki Tanaka, Tomoyuki Wada, Takashi Shuto, Madok ...
    Article ID: cr.18-00081
    Published: 2019
    [Advance publication] Released: May 09, 2019

    In 2002, a 37-year-old male with Marfan syndrome underwent the Bentall operation, total arch replacement, and aortobifemoral bypass for DeBakey type IIIb chronic aortic dissection, annuloaortic ectasia, and aortic regurgitation. In 2007, mild mitral regurgitation (MR) caused by mitral valve prolapse was identified. In April 2017, echocardiography revealed the worsening of MR and moderate tricuspid regurgitation (TR). Moreover, coronary angiography (CAG) revealed a coronary artery aneurysm in the left main trunk (LMT). In August 2017, the patient underwent mitral valve replacement (MVR), tricuspid annuloplasty (TAP), and coronary artery reconstruction. We reconstructed the LMT aneurysm using an artificial graft. True aneurysm of the coronary artery complicated with Marfan syndrome is a rare complication that has seldom been reported. This case highlights that it is essential to carefully follow-up patients with Marfan syndrome after the Bentall operation.

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  • Haruhiko Shiiya, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Shigeo Yamazaki, Kichizo Kaga
    Article ID: cr.18-00275
    Published: 2019
    [Advance publication] Released: March 11, 2019

    We describe a 36-year-old asymptomatic female with multiple bronchial artery aneurysms (BAAs) and a bronchial artery (BA) to pulmonary artery (PA) fistula. She was treated with thoracoscopic BA resection without lobectomy in lieu of catheter embolization as first-line treatment. The configuration of the BA and the location of the BAAs were clearly visualized using three-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT); therefore, the segment of the BA to resect was assessed preoperatively and complete resection of all BAAs was performed. Preoperative BA angiography delineated the BA to PA fistula, and guided surgical decision-making.

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  • Yusuke Misumi, Toru Kuratani, Koichi Maeda, Koichi Toda, Shigeru Miyag ...
    Article ID: cr.18-00201
    Published: 2018
    [Advance publication] Released: December 18, 2018

    Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) through a peripheral arterial access is often complicated by concomitant arteriopathy. We describe here the first successful case of TAVI through the carotid artery in Japan. The patient was an 83-year-old woman with severe aortic stenosis (AS). Preoperative computed tomography (CT) revealed a shaggy distal aortic arch and left subclavian artery ostium, along with severely calcified bilateral iliofemoral arteries. Trans-apical and direct aortic approaches were abandoned because of frailty. Following the thorough cerebrovascular assessment, the left common carotid artery was selected for arterial access and a CoreValve transcatheter aortic valve was successfully implanted without neurologic complications.

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  • Andre Critsinelis, Chitaru Kurihara, Masashi Kawabori, Tadahisa Sugiur ...
    Article ID: cr.18-00082
    Published: 2018
    [Advance publication] Released: August 28, 2018

    Mechanical circulatory support may result in sufficient myocardial recovery to allow for explantation of the left ventricular assist device (LVAD). The duration of support associated with left ventricular recovery has generally been 6–12 months. In this report, we present a patient in whom the left ventricle recovered after 5 years of support with a LVAD. Our report demonstrates that long-term monitoring for left ventricular recovery is prudent and may allow for late device explantation.

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  • Tadahisa Sugiura, Chitaru Kurihara, Masashi Kawabori, Andre C. Critsin ...
    Article ID: cr.18-00021
    Published: 2018
    [Advance publication] Released: August 10, 2018

    An increasing number of children with congenital heart disease are surviving into adulthood and subsequently developing end-stage heart failure. Two example populations are adults who have been previously operated on for congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA) and transposition of the great arteries (TGA). Implantation of a continuous flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) in these patients can present unusual anatomical and physiologic challenges. In this report, we describe outcomes of CF-LVAD implantation in three such patients. These cases demonstrate the feasibility of implanting a CF-LVAD in patients who have undergone surgery for CCTGA and/or TGA.

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  • Yoshimori Araki, Chikao Teramoto, Yasunobu Konishi, Takafumi Terada, O ...
    Article ID: cr.18-00094
    Published: 2018
    [Advance publication] Released: August 09, 2018

    We present a case of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction after double valve re-replacement with bioprostheses. A 72-year-old man, who had undergone double valve replacement (DVR) with bioprosthetic valves 9 years previously, underwent re-replacement of valves because of structural valve deterioration. However, owing to LVOT obstruction related to the bioprosthesis in the mitral position, acute pulmonary edema occurred immediately after surgery. LVOT obstruction was diagnosed by emergent cardiac catheterization. So prompt re-replacement surgery using a mechanical prosthesis was performed.

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  • Masahide Enomoto, Takeshi Kinoshita, Yasuo Kondo, Tomoaki Suzuki, Tohr ...
    Article ID: cr.17-00241
    Published: 2018
    [Advance publication] Released: June 21, 2018

    We present the case of a 61-year-old patient with a history of essential thrombocythemia (ET) who was diagnosed as having aortic valve stenosis and dilatation of his ascending aorta. His aortic valve and ascending aorta were replaced under hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA). No clear guideline exists for preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative management of cardiac surgery using HCA for ET patients. After performing risk assessment, we prescribed preoperative aspirin therapy and postoperative care was planned as usual for cardiovascular surgery in our establishment. Unexpectedly, activated clotting time did not exceed 400 seconds, but the course of treatment was otherwise uneventful.

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  • Hirofumi Kasahara, Takashi Hachiya, Atsuo Mori
    Article ID: cr.18-00020
    Published: 2018
    [Advance publication] Released: June 12, 2018

    Spontaneous rupture of the thoracic aorta is rare. We present a 76-year-old man who developed spontaneous rupture of the aortic arch associated with massive periaortic hematoma and hypovolemic shock. Because the site of rupture could not be identified, emergency hybrid endovascular aortic repair to shield a long segment of the aorta was performed according to the extent and density of periaortic hematoma on axial CT scans. His blood pressure improved just after deployment of the endograft. Rapid diagnosis by CT and prompt control of aortic hemorrhage by endografting salvaged this patient. Three-dimensional (3D) volume-rendered CT images are useful for identifying the site of aortic rupture, but may not be available in an emergency.

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  • Takahiro Yanagihara, Hideo Ichimura, Keisuke Kobayashi, Yukio Sato
    Article ID: cr.18-00077
    Published: 2018
    [Advance publication] Released: June 01, 2018

    Esophagobronchial fistula (EBF) caused by an esophageal foreign body is rare in adults. All surgical interventions in the reported cases were performed via right thoracotomy. We have successfully treated an 88-year-old woman with EBF caused by a thick 2 × 2 cm piece of cake decorating paper that was swallowed accidentally. There was a 2-month interval between ingestion of the foreign body and correct diagnosis. The bronchial opening of the EBF was on the cephalic wall of the proximal left main bronchus (LMB), so we planned a primary repair of the bronchial wall with sutures via left thoracotomy. We performed a division of the fistula and primary closure of the openings on the esophageal and bronchial walls and covered the suture sites with an intercostal muscle flap and pericardial fat, respectively. The patient resumed oral intake on postoperative day 11 and was subsequently transferred to other hospital for rehabilitation.

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  • Takashi Murakami, Yosuke Takahashi, Shinsuke Nishimura, Shinichi Iwata ...
    Article ID: cr.17-00204
    Published: 2018
    [Advance publication] Released: May 15, 2018

    Access challenges are sometimes encountered in patients who require transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Transapical (TA) access is a well-established alternative, but it is more invasive than the standard transfemoral (TF) access techniques. We adopted the iliac endoconduit technique to perform TF TAVI in a patient with small-caliber, heavily calcified iliac arteries. This technique could provide an adequate access route for TAVI that is minimally invasive, even for patients with prohibitory iliac anatomy.

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  • Hideki Ujiie, Daisuke Okada, Yuki Nakajima, Naoyuki Yoshino, Hirohiko ...
    Article ID: cr.11.01745
    Published: November 30, 2011
    [Advance publication] Released: November 30, 2011
    The article was withdrawn because of the authors' decison.
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