Objective: To measure the pattern and severity of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) in patients presenting to a vascular surgery clinic in Pakistan.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study has examined patients presenting with CVI for the first time. Patients were assessed for severity of the disease using clinical, etiological, anatomical and pathological (CEAP) score and venous clinical severity score (VCSS). Patients were then divided into two groups depending on the severity of the disease: ‘mild/moderate’ CVI if the CEAP classification was ≤C3 or VCSS was <5 and ‘severe’ if CEAP classification was >3 or VCSS was ≥5. Both groups were then compared to determine the factors associated with the more ‘severe’ form of CVI.
Results: During the study duration, 121 patients presented with CVI with mean age of 47.83±12.02 years; 74 (61.2%) were female. Mean body mass index of the patients was 32.49±18.3 kg/m2. Mean VCSS was 5.49±3.84, indicating most patients presented with the severe form of CVI. Field workers were determined to be three to five times more likely to present with severe CVI compared to housewives and office workers.
Conclusion: Majority of the patients who presented to a tertiary care facility had the severe form of CVI. Thus, there is a need to raise awareness on this disease at community level.
Objectives: As per standard guidelines, the recommended order of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) creation for hemodialysis (HD) access is radiocephalic (RC), followed by proximal elbow fistulas and arteriovenous graft. Although ulnar-basilic (UB) fistula has been an alternative to RC-AVF, still this procedure searches clear recommendations. We present here our experience on UB-AVF as the preferred “second procedure” instead of proximal fistula after the RC-AVF.
Methods: Forty-two UB-AVF were created in nonfeasible and failed RC-AVF cases between 2016 and 2018. They were reviewed retrospectively and outcomes were compared with 480 RC-AVF constructed within the same period.
Results: The primary patency at 18 months was 73.8%, 69.6% and mean maturation time was 33.7±6.6 days, 32.1±4.7 days for UB-AVF and RC-AVF respectively (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Our altered order of preference enabled us to create all the first-time fistula in the distal forearm, providing all the advantages of distal fistula like RC-AVF and avoiding proximal fistula, improved patient convenience and short-term benefit. In an inference that may be used for references and needs support from a larger sample and longer duration study from other centers, UB-AVF may be considered as the second option after RC-AVF depending on the clinical scenario.