Japanese Journal of Comparative Politics
Online ISSN : 2189-0552
ISSN-L : 2189-0552
Volume 1
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  • Shingo HAMANAKA, Nozomi SHIRATANI
    2015 Volume 1 Pages 1-19
    Published: 2015
    Released: January 29, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    How can we account for the resilience of Arab monarchies which have remained stable even though other countries, most of whom were republics, have experienced the Arab Spring? The “rentier states theory” and the “Dynastic Monarchy theory” were very significant to understanding the stability of the Arab monarchies, especially Gulf countries. However, the case of Morocco, neither possesses enough “rents” to be distributed to the population nor can be governed by the members of the royal family by having the state’s responsible positions divided among them, tells us that the resilience of monarchical regimes is still cloaked in puzzle.

    This work took notice of the hypothesis that the monarch has established his legitimacy by the existence of multiparty system and his role of arbiter among political parties. If the hypothesis is correct with a relationship between intra-elite politics and mass attitudes as a necessary precondition, we would recognize that people evaluate democracy from the viewpoint of the electoral system working and legislative procedures. Through the quantitative analysis and the case study, this paper clarified the mechanism behind the regime stability of Moroccan monarchy called “rotation of the ruling parties and the oppositions,” which raises the public estimate of regime “democracy.”

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