Research Journal of JAPEW
Online ISSN : 2185-3401
Print ISSN : 1882-0980
ISSN-L : 1882-0980
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Original investigation
  • Rumi MURASE, Yumi TERAYAMA
    2021 Volume 37 Pages 1-16
    Published: 2021
    Released: June 11, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Onomatopoeia used by caregivers should aim to develop the images of young children and to lead various movements. Therefore, there is a need to examine in detail the relationship between images and movements elicited by onomatopoeia. The purpose of this study was to reveal the relationship between images and movements of each young children from onomatopoeia focusing on the three types of relationship between the images and movements (Murase and Terayama, 2020) and the state of “jibun (myself)”. The participants of this study were 16 children aged 5 or 6 years. Each child was investigated for 6 types of onomatopoeia and observation. For the experiment, spoken images and movements of the infants were all video-recorded and transcribed. For the observation, each infant has observed about five situations. From the results obtained, the following two points were suggested. 1. There is the relationship between three types and the state of “jibun (myself)”. 2. On physical expression activity for young children, there is a possibility that the leading movement of “jibun-denai (not-myself)” from the image of “jibun-denai (not-myself)” connects various movements for children. Further, that a child can express the images or not is understood by two viewpoints. 1) the distance between the images and “jibun (myself)” 2) the developmental process that to be able to distinguish between “jibun (myself)” and others.

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  • Anri TANAKA, Hiroko YAKO-SUKETOMO
    2021 Volume 37 Pages 17-30
    Published: 2021
    Released: June 11, 2021
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The purpose of this study was to determine the exercise behavior of middle-aged women who play multiple roles, especially mothers of high school children, and to examine the relationship between the exercise behavior and exercise social support or environmental factors.

    A self-administered questionnaire survey was implemented to the parents in two high schools in Tokyo. The Transtheoretical Model approach was considered to determine the actual condition of exercise behavior. Then, the relationship between exercise behavior and exercise social support or environmental factors affecting exercise behavior was examined. The results showed a significant difference between exercise behavior and exercise social support scores (17.6>15.3) (p<0.001). Significant differences were also found for the associations of youngest child age (p<0.05) and parental generation cohabitation (p<0.05). These findings suggest that middle-aged women, especially mothers of high school children, may benefit from social network, depending on their life stage, which may contribute to improved exercise behavior.

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