Earozoru Kenkyu
Online ISSN : 1881-543X
Print ISSN : 0912-2834
ISSN-L : 0912-2834
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Displaying 1-8 of 8 articles from this issue
Feature Articles—GOOD Aerosol—
Research Paper
  • Shun Kimura, Hiroki Igarashi, Kazuhiko Miura, Tatsuhiro Mori, Yoko Iwa ...
    2022 Volume 37 Issue 3 Pages 202-211
    Published: September 20, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: September 30, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    This study discussed the contribution of new particle formation (NPF) events to the number concentrations of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) based on aerosol number size distributions measured at the summit of Mt. Fuji. The observations were made during the summer months of 2014~2019. The size distribution is measured by a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS), and the CCN number concentration is estimated by the number concentration of particles larger than 80 nm (N80). At the summit of Mt. Fuji, the event occurred 113 times and the increase of N80 was recorded 60 times out of 217 days of analysis. The N80 increased by 47 to 234 cm−3 due to NPFs, and the increase rate was 123 to 302%. By comparing the diurnal variation of N80 on days with and without NPF events, it was confirmed that the events increased N80. At the summit of Mt. Fuji, the increase in N80 due to NPF was small compared to some other stations, but the rate of increase was relatively high. Mode diameters grew to 80 nm in 7 of 113 events. The concentration of increase in N80 is 9 to 552 cm−3, the increase rate is 111 to 700%. The growth period from 25 nm to 80 nm was about 2 to 12 hours, and the growth rate was about 5 to 30 nm h−1. The growth characteristics depended on the particle number concentration produced by the NPF, the origin and transport route of air mass, the existing particle number concentration of N80, the precursor gas concentration, and the chemical composition of the aerosol.

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  • Yoshiki Okada, Ryusuke Tsuji, Takuya Kinoshita
    2022 Volume 37 Issue 3 Pages 212-217
    Published: September 20, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: September 30, 2022
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Silica (SiO2) particle-supported nickel (Ni) nanoparticles were prepared using a gas-phase synthesis method in which Ni nanoparticles, generated by hydrogen reduction of NiCl2, collide with SiO2 particles with a diameter of approximately 0.1 µm. Before collisions, SiO2 particles were heated in a gas-phase reactor to a temperature sufficiently high to soften their surfaces. When collisions between Ni and SiO2 particles occurred at a high speed of 38.6 m/s, Ni nanoparticles smaller than 10 nm could be captured by SiO2 particles heated to 1,723 K, and showed no signs of sintering on the SiO2 particle surfaces during heat treatment at a high temperature of 1,073 K.

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