The hypothesis of this study is that there is a positive correlation between the home management behavior index scores and the well-being index scores of mothers and female university students.
Based on the hypothesis, a questionnaire to survey the home management behavior of 228 mothers and 189 female university students was carried out. The well-being index was represented on a scale, which measured the degree of satisfaction in 5 areas of life and the degree of general satisfaction with life in 5 items. And the home management behavior index was measured by each of the 5 items in the following categories: food, clothing, housing, family, and community. The analysis was intended to determine the relationship between the well-being index scores and the home management behavior index scores.
A summary of the results is as follows.
1) The average of well-being index scores of mothers and that of female university students did not show any significant difference.
2) The average of home management behavior index scores of mothers was higher than that of female university students in 24 out of 25 items.
3) The mother's group was divided into a higher group and a lower group on their well-being index scores, as were the female university students. These four groups were compared. The ranking of home management behavior index scores were the well-being higher group of mothers, the well-being lower group of mothers, the well-being higher group of female university students and the well-being lower group of female university students.
4) The method of multiple regression analysis was carried out and a significant multiple regression equation was obtained. The home management index scores of mothers and female university students were reflected in the well-being index scores.
From the above results, it is apparent that higher scores in the well-being index correlate with more actively managing home life. In other words, people who actively manage their homes have a high degree of well-being. This research has important implications for the management of home life in order to enhance well-being.
Her Viewpoints on Childcare and the Methodology of Case Interpretation
Fusae Tsumori explored humanistic childcare practice together with Makoto Tsumori. Through her essays on her daily life episodes with children, she explains her deep understanding of childcare.
This paper is an attempt to show Fusae Tsumori's view of childcare and her methodology of case interpretation, implicit throughout her works but not properly recognized today. Her view of childcare was explicated in the following respects; the significance of the inner world, mutuality, spontaneous unfolding of life processes, humanistic childcare, and the reality of everyday life. Concerning interpretation, she based it on sympathy and respect for children, and then tested it against the process of mutual interaction. Five criteria of the interpretation she employed are extracted; integration of something previously unrecognized, multiple networks of supporting evidence, context of childcare, reflection, and reference to human nature. Her thoughts and methodology offer important insights into future childcare research.
A recent study indicated that Hime Ukogi (Eleutherococcus sieboldianus) used for a fence and food in Yonezawa City had antioxidant with electron spin resonance. Biological antioxidant potential (BAP) tests, namely, a ferric reducing antioxidant power reducing assay and a free-radical scavenging activity test, were developed by Napoli University. In this study, BAP levels of some vegetables, including Hime Ukogi, were measured. According to the severity of antioxidant status impairment based on the results of the BAP tests, the Ukogi's BAP of 13,440 μmo/L might have a strong potential of antioxidant activity. Therefore, this finding suggests that Hime Ukogi may have the potential of being a strong antioxidant food.
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