The relationships of Syrmaticus to Phasianus remain uncertain and opinions differ whether they are separate genera or congeneric.We examined the relationships of Syrmaticus to Phasianus, Lophura, and Catreus by means of Cyt-b gene array comparisons.As a result, we found that each of the following groups forms a cluster, (1) Syrmaticus soemmerringii, (2) Syrmaticus reevesii, (3) Syrmaticus ellioti, S.humiae, S.mikado and (4) Lophura erythrophthalma, Catreus wallichii and Phasianus versicolor. There was 10.81% difference between cluster(3), Elliot's, Huume's and Mikado Pheasant, and cluster(4), Crestless Fireback, Cheer and Green Pheasant (Phasiunus).The Cheery Pheasant, the taxonomic position of which has been debated, was included in the Green Pheasant cluster in our experimental data and hence considered to be more closely related to Phasianus than to Syrmaticus.
A nest of the Fairy Pitta was found on Siraki-cho, Hiroshima-shi, Hiroshima Prefecture (34°35′N, 132°39′E, 265m above sea level), western Japan. Five nestlings were observed in the nest on 5 July and fledged on 11 July.
A male White-throated Rock Thrush Monticola gularis was observed on Teuri Island (44°25′N, 141°19′E), western Hokkaido on 26 and 28 May, 1986. This bird was probably transported from the continent by a low pressure passing through Hokkaido on 24 May.
A nest and an egg of the Bulwer's Petrel was identified in Birou Island (32°28′N, 131°44′E), located at the northern coast of Miyazaki Prefecture, on 5 September 1998. This is the first evidence of breeding of this species in Miyazaki Prefecture. The nest and the egg was found in a crevice of a rock.