Japanese Journal of Occupational Science
Online ISSN : 2434-4176
Print ISSN : 1882-4234
Current issue
Displaying 1-5 of 5 articles from this issue
The 26th Occupational Science Seminar, Tsuyoshi Sato Memorial Lecture
  • Masayuki TAKAGI
    2024 Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 1-9
    Published: 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: June 22, 2024
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS
    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the meaning and effects of sharing occupational experiences. First, a case study shows that sharing occupational experiences through records and dialogue results in the expression of an occupational identity and has a positive impact on life and health. Next, the effects of sharing occupational experiences are discussed based on research evidence from group programs for healthy older adults living in the community. Sharing occupational experiences may contribute to an individual’s health-related quality of life, life satisfaction, and a sense of meaning in life. This is thought to be due to the effect of sharing occupa- tional experiences in connecting people and enhancing an individual's social and mental well-being. Furthermore, sharing occupational experiences is expected to generate mutual understanding and a sense of comradeship, and to have the effect of creating an inclusive community. Finally, the need to create a rich society with opportunities to share occupational experiences is emphasized because sharing occupational experiences is not only a means to change individuals and communities but also an end and a right.
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The 26th Japanese Occupational Science Conference, Keynote Lecture
  • A Symbiosis between Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy
    Moses N. IKIUGU, [in Japanese], [in Japanese]
    2024 Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 10-28
    Published: 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: June 22, 2024
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS
    Human occupation is the reason for the existence of both occupational Therapy and Occupational Sci- ence. However, until recently, no serious effort was made to define human occupation precisely, differentiate between types of occupations as experienced phenomena, and identify characteristics that make occupations healing. This paper will: 1)discuss the proposition that meaningful occupations enhance health and well-being; 2)argue that not all meaningful occupations are the same, and psychologically rewarding occupations are different from other types of meaningful occupations; 3)propose that the pursuit of meaningful and psychologically rewarding occupations has an evolutionary basis for the human species; 4)suggest that we need both meaningful and psychologically rewarding occupations to stay healthy; 5)introduce a protocol for the use of meaningful and psychologically rewarding occupations as media in occupational therapy interventions; 6)suggest future directions in occupational science for use of tools borrowed from the special theory of relativity in physics to investigate with increased precision occupational participation; and 7)discuss how knowledge based on this inquiry may be used to improve occupational therapy practice.
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The 26th Japanese Occupational Science Conference, Symposium
  • with those who have built a path to live their own way
    Rika NAKANO, Kanako OTSUJI, Chinun KAKU, Michiko KISHIDA
    2024 Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 29-41
    Published: 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: June 22, 2024
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS
    The symposiasts, who have built a path for future generations in Osaka by giving voice to those who have been prevented from living as they are due to their disabilities, nationality, gender, etc., introduced their experiences and thoughts, and the questions and answers from the floor provided keywords that will serve as stepping stones to a society in which all people can live as they are. The words that will serve as a stepping stone to a society in which all people can live as they are, such as the difficulty of accepting oneself as a minority, meeting one's peers, telling one's mind, and the importance of understanding and respecting one another, were obtained. I reported the statement as it was said as much as possible.
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Research Article
  • Using focus group interviews
    Shoichiro MINAMI
    2024 Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 42-50
    Published: 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: June 22, 2024
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS
    In this study, I conducted focus group interviews with 11 schizophrenia patients hospitalized for long periods at my hospital, and used thematic analysis method to capture their thoughts and feelings regarding discharge and community life, revealed the occupational injustice and occupational dysfunction experienced by them. As a result of this study, it was found that behind the subjects' "safe hospital stay," there was "strong anxiety about living in the community,"and the subjects found their own "reasons for continuing long-term hospitalization." This study showed that occupational injustice for the subjects were that they were forced to be hospitalized for various reasons even after the necessary recuperation period, and that they were unable to participate in meaningful occupation due to long-term hospitalization. It was necessary to further promote the reform vision of mental health, medical and welfare. Additionally, in order to reduce occupational dysfunction(occupational alienation, occupational marginalization, occupational deprivation)experienced by them, it is necessary to provide support, etc that focuses on participation in occupation that has individual meaning for the clients.
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  • Tsukasa HOTTA, Risa TAKASHIMA, Mari SAKAUE
    2024 Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 51-60
    Published: 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: June 22, 2024
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS
    The purpose of this study was to explore occupational experiences related to the well-being among the community-dwelling oldest-old people, including the contexts in which their occupations were engaged. Semi- structured interviews were conducted with six participants aged 85 or older, residing in city A in northern Japan. The collected data was analyzed by applying the Steps for Coding and Theorization(SCAT)method. The results suggested that the participants perceived well-being through their occupational experiences such as being able to maintain their physical and mental state, a sense of continuing relationships with others, and a sense of self- identity, while the aging process was experienced as a threat to the continuation of occupational participations and identity. Moreover, the participants chose to engage in occupations of a reasonable manner in order to continue those occupations. It was also found that they experienced their well-being by creating an occupational pattern allowing them to naturally continue their necessary occupations, while flexible responding to their needs of the moment.
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