Journal of Pesticide Science
Online ISSN : 1349-0923
Print ISSN : 1348-589X
ISSN-L : 0385-1559
  • Arisa Banno, Yoshinori Yabuki, Motohiro Sonoda, Shinji Tanimori
    論文ID: D23-060
    発行日: 2024年
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2024/03/30
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス 早期公開

    The matrix effects (ME) in simultaneous analysis of pesticide residue using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) were evaluated by comparing the slopes of matrix-matched and reagent-only calibrations of four types of vegetable samples. Both the sampling and measurement variances of the ME were also determined using one-way analysis of variance. Substantial ion suppression (ME<−20%) was observed in komatsuna, spinach, and tomato when a modified Japanese official method was implemented. The ME magnitude varied significantly due to sample variability for some pesticides, but it varied by no more than 4% as a result of analytical procedure variance. This study also showed that the addition of stable isotope-labeled internal standards at low concentrations improved the recovery of pesticides from samples at various residue levels. The findings of this study highlight the importance and practical application of internal standards and the matrix-matched calibration method in residue analysis using LC-MS/MS.

  • Pei-Hui Shan, Ding-Wu Pan, Chun-Rong Li, Tie-Hong Meng, Carl Redshaw, ...
    論文ID: D23-062
    発行日: 2024年
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2024/03/23
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス 早期公開

    A simple fluorescent “on-off” system that can be utilized for the selective identification and determination of paraquat (PQ) is presented herein. 1H NMR spectroscopic data indicated that in aqueous solution the alkaloid palmatine can be partially encapsulated within the cucurbit[7]uril (Q[7]) cavity, whereby a stable 1 : 1 host–guest inclusion complex is formed. Other characterization techniques including mass spectrometry, UV-Vis and fluorescence spectroscopy also provided further evidence, and the host-guest inclusion complex was found to exhibit reasonable fluorescence intensity. It is noteworthy that the addition of PQ resulted in quenching the fluorescence of the host-guest inclusion complex, whereas the presence of 12 other pesticides did not significantly affect the fluorescence intensity. Given the linear relationship between the intensity of the fluorescence and the PQ concentration, the PQ concentration in aqueous solution was easily detected. Thus, a new method for identifying and determining the fluorescence quenching of PQ has been developed in this work.