We cultivated Brassica rapa var. perviridis in soil mixed with four pesticides (fenobucarb, procymidone, flutolanil, and tolclofos-methyl) at different temperatures, day lengths, and soil water contents. We compared plants’ uptake and translocation abilities of the pesticides as affected by growth conditions. The root concentration factor (RCF) of pesticides tended to increase with rising temperature; however, but the influence of temperature on the transpiration stream concentration factor (TSCF) differed for each pesticide. The RCFs and TSCFs of pesticides were high for short days. The soil water content had little or no effect on the uptake and translocation of pesticides. These results showed that it is necessary to consider growth conditions, especially the temperature and day length in plant uptake models for these pesticides.
To investigate root uptake and translocation of heptachlor and its degradates (cis-heptachlor epoxide and 1-hydroxychlordene) in soil, zucchini and tomato seedlings were transplanted to soil approximately four months after treatment with 14C-heptachlor. The results indicated that a relation between the root concentration factor and the log Pow did not follow Briggs’ theory, probably due to the contribution of plant metabolism. It also appeared that a compound with a lower log Pow tends to show higher mobility from root to shoot.