Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. B1 (Hydraulic Engineering)
Online ISSN : 2185-467X
ISSN-L : 2185-467X
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Paper (In Japanese)
  • Toshiki YOSHIDA, Yoshihiro SHIBUO, Kenji TANIGUCHI
    2021 Volume 77 Issue 1 Pages 12-23
    Published: 2021
    Released: January 20, 2021

     Under the global warming condition, it is a great concern that a large scale linear heavy rainfall system causes severe flood disaster in a wide area. In such a case, it would be important to consider simultaneous floodings from multiple rivers. In this study, numerical inundation simulations were implemented under the consideration of simultaneous levee breaches in Kakehashi River and Tedori River in Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan. Based on the simulation results, water-related disaster risk was evaluated. At the same time, based on simulated inundation depth and flood water velocity at each simulation time, potential window time for evacuation was estimated. In the case of simultaneous levee breaches at the two rivers, in the right bank of the Kakehashi River, the maximum inundation depth became larger than in the case of levee breach at a single river. The window time for evacuation became shorter in the same area. In an area affected by the two rivers, arrival times of inundation flow from the two rivers are usually different. Depending on time lags between floods in two rivers, evacuation window time has to be estimated based on the time when the later flood level reaches the evacuation warning water level.

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  • Taiki MORI, Tomoyasu SUGIYAMA, Yoshifumi SATOFUKA, Hiroshi TOCHINO
    2021 Volume 77 Issue 1 Pages 24-38
    Published: 2021
    Released: January 20, 2021

     In recent years, there has been a tendency toward increased rainfall intensity, and sediment inflow disasters caused by mountain streams are increasing in number. As there is a significantly large number of mountain streams along railway lines, time and effort is spent on local surveys for the purpose of extracting dangerous streams. Additionally, as there is a mixture of diverse factors related to mountain streams, such as terrain, geological features, risk level assessments are differ among technicians. Above all, the risk level assessment of upstream areas located in positions vastly separated from the railway tracks and dispersed over a wide area require a huge amount of time and effort, and there may be a large disparity among engineers. In this paper, therefore, we describe a simple method of evaluating the risk level of mountain stream upstream areas using uniform criteria, without requiring local surveys. In concrete terms, our activity was the development of a scoring sheet that can assess the risk level mainly using the quantitative data of digital evaluation model. It was shown that the evaluation by the scoring table was almost the same as the evaluation by the local surveys.

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Technical Report (In Japanese)
  • Shingo SATOMURA, Kazufumi AYUKAWA, Kazuya ISHIDA, Akira HOSHIO, Yoshin ...
    2021 Volume 77 Issue 1 Pages 1-11
    Published: 2021
    Released: January 20, 2021

     One third of Joso City area was under water due to the flood caused by the Kanto-Tohoku torrential rain of September 2015, during which numerous delays and isolation of evacuation were experienced. Considering the above, we started a project of TimeLine by Everybody, aiming at reducing the number of people who fail to evacuate to zero, under which the concept of “My-TimeLine” was developed. To disseminate “My-TimeLine”, we developed the “Nige-Kid” as the teaching tools that help elementary and junior high school students to create their own “My-TimeLine” in less than one hour. In the process of developing the “Nige-Kid”, we conducted disaster resilience education to Joso-City elementary school children of producing their “My-TimeLine” using the prototype “Nige-Kid”. The results of education indicated that the knowledge of flood risk and preparedness were properly enhanced through the consideration process of the “My-TimeLine” using the “Nige-Kid”.

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