It used to be that R&D expense management was performed separately for each work, each department of any other corporate organization, not for each R&D theme.Recently, however, expense management for each R&D theme become more and more and important for the following reasons:(1) to maintain a close watch on budget management.(2) to clarify the investment and outcome of the research for R&D project evaluations.(3) to counter taxation on increased sales by the R&D Group thanks to successful inner corporate ventures.Since 1969, the R&D Group of Sumitomo Electric has studied this problems and developed both a budget projection system and an expense record system which function in conjunction with our company's accounting system. Now, about 300 R&D themes are under expense management by computers.We will explain the contents of these two systems, inner corporate venture systems, evaluation methods of R&D projects, countermeasures to taxation and other issues.
The selection of an R&D theme is a decision-making problem. Therefore, when we aim at explicit decision-making, various supporting data based on a research evaluation are necessary for decision-making. The evaluation method proposed proposed here attempts to evaluate R&D themes at the technological level in regard to the research seed.Evaluation should not be done for the purpose of controlling researchers. Rather, it should be for the purpose of supporting researchers. The evaluation method proposed here is a participatory-type supporting system, by which we try to confirm that the judgement independently made by a researcher is appropriate and effective. This evaluation method is comprised of drawing up a technology relation chart which helps researchers identify their position and evaluation of their themes by means of the chart. As for its methodology, in order to achieve structuralization with the associated technologies, we used a matrix evaluation, relevance tree, paired comparison and graph theory, and tried to apply these methods from the systems approach angle.
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