Convenience stores have grown into one of Japan’s leading retail formats and have had a multifaceted impact on Japanese society since their introduction in the 1970s. They form an indispensable retail space for Japanese people today.
In a paper published in 2020, the author considered how convenience stores, representing large-scale retailers in Japan, became popular in Japanese society and the background behind them. The study reported here is a sequel to that of 2020.
The purpose of this study was to clarify the multifaceted impact of convenience stores, which have become widespread in Japan, on consumers in general (and Japanese society). The study also examines the social significance of convenience stores. Chapter 1 focuses on consumers, Chapter 2 on merchants, Chapter 3 on retails and Chapter 4 on community perspectives. The discussions show that the convenience store has a multifaceted impact on consumers (convenience store users, affiliated stores and headquarters)and also on the retail industry in general, It introduces traditional lifestyles and values in Japanese society. It is shown that it is positioned as a “landmark product” that has undergone a significant transformation.
In this study, the negative impact of convenience stores has not been fully covered. We plan to clarify it through future research.
Home-visit nursing is essential for certain individuals who may require support for the rest of their lives. There is no end to this requirement, but what goes behind the provision of this home-visit nursing? Previous studies have identified the motivation, feelings, attitudes and noblesse oblige of visiting nurses. In addition, they focus on the content of activities that are considered to be a part of a professional mission and those that grasp the current situation and how visiting nurses “mean” their actions and further establish their identities. There are few things that have been examined from a practical point of view. Noblesse oblige is established when “different people in different professions internalize their contributions and responsibilities according to their respective positions and roles.”
We conducted a semi-structured interview for visiting nurses working at a psychiatric home-visit nursing station and asked them to talk freely about home-visit nursing and their experiences of the same. The analysis uses the modified grounded theory approach (M-GTA), which is considered to be reliable and valid in qualitative research. Then, a concept/category showing the internal changes was established from the story of the visiting nurse and a storyline was created.
As a result of the analysis, 19 concepts and 6 categories were established. When the process was examined during the creation of the result diagram, three stages were assumed. They were named “Phase I: Preparation period for noblesse oblige,” “Phase II: Period for noblesse oblige” and “Phase III: Period for fulfilling noblesse oblige.”
The transition from Phase I to Phase III is important at every stage, but it is especially important to have a prospect for the duties that fall under Phase III. It is an indispensable factor for having noblesse oblige and identity. The transition from stage I to stage III supported the self-efficacy and usefulness of visiting nurses and led to a sense of self-satisfaction with their duties. The process of having noblesse oblige and the itself are linked to identity and it was thought that they would be further strengthened by mutual establishment.
In this study, we examine the psychological problems that visiting nurses face associated with the age of the care receiver, family problems and problems that occur between medical care and personal life while establishing noblesse oblige. As a psychological profession, it is considered meaningful to perform specialized consulting from the perspective of psychology.
Externalization (White et al. 1990) is one of the effective techniques in narrative therapy. This technique or process focuses not on finding out the cause but on eliminating the “problem” itself. This process requires identifying a problem and seeking a unique experience which has not been affected by a “problem.”
For investigating its effectiveness in elementary school students in Japan, in this research firstly a picture book that is appropriate for elementary students was prepared (Purpose 1). Following this, as a process, the researchers and collaborators (Elementary school students) read through the book together, conducted interviews and examined its validity (Purpose 2).
Using this process, the participants could detach their “problem” from themselves and identified the problem objectively. However, the research could not confirm sufficient efficiency of the psychological effect of the externalization therapy technique.
Furthermore, this research provided a perspective on making picture books, considered the steps of development of reading skill and showed the necessity of a reciter who can assist the collaborators’ understanding.
Play songs by moving hands tend to be simplified or anonymous as they spread.In this study, we focused on anonymous play songs by moving hands and analyzed the characteristics of melodies, rhythms and lyrics.
Consequently, we confirmed that there is a tendency for the melody to be flatten and the rhythm to be simplified, thus they gradually change to be more attractive and easier to sing for children, as pointed out in our previous studies on changes of play songs by moving hands.
As a consideration, we indicated that mutual interaction between nursery teachers and children is important for play songs by moving hands to be formed as “play” and the process of creating fun in the interaction is significant, though they are presented by the nursery teachers with some educational intention in the nurseries.
The importance of active learning has long been emphasized in Japanese university education and Tokushima Bunri University is no exception. The “President’s School (Shacho-Juku)” is one of the practical programs offered by the Faculty of Policy Management at Tokushima Bunri University since FY2018 to foster active learning.
In this paper, we report on the practice of “Tokushima Bunri University President’s School Phase 4,” offered in 2021. Chapter 1 explains the framework of the “President’s School Phase 4.” Chapter 2 outlines the preparations made for opening the president’s school. Chapter 3 describes the preparation, curriculum and post-processing flow for each class. In Chapter 4, the content points of 15 lessons from the President’s School of FY2021 are delineated. Finally, Chapter 5 shows the results, Phase 4 ― issues and the prospects for the opening Phase 5.
While conducting lectures for the bookkeeping certification test sponsored by The Japan Chamber of Commerce and Industry, issues such as how the basics of bookkeeping can be taught, whether learning accounting theory is necessary and how accounting literacy can be acquired have been observed. With Japan’s participation in IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards), the idea of bookkeeping and accounting is changing significantly. Furthermore, automation of business operations through AI (artificial intelligence) and RPA (robotic process automation) is being promoted. Under these circumstances, we discussed the method of bookkeeping and accounting studies at our junior college, focusing on the questionnaire. We analysed the need for bookkeeping certification and theory acquisition. We have to develop an efficient lesson plan to do this in a given class duration. Additionally, while incorporating the joy of bookkeeping, it is necessary to guide students in understanding careers (job descriptions). Furthermore, as the written expression of company transactions is difficult to understand, it is important to convey the information to others in a conversational and easy-to-understand manner and simplify it to deepen understanding. Therefore, we would like students to acquire the ability to understand financial products (insurance, securities, etc.) and accounting laws (tax law, company law, etc.) in an easy-to-understand manner.