IN-Child Record was developed as a tool to diagnose children who need inclusive education. Therefore, this study aimed to verify the reliability and construct validity of IN-Child Record. IN-Child Record using 1,059 children (elementary school: 594 children, junior high school: 465 children) collected in Okinawa Prefecture between February and March 2017. Survey data were collected in cross-sectional study. The reliability of IN-Child Record was verified via the internal consistency method; the coefficient of Cronbach’s α were over 0.7. The construct validity of IN-Child Record was also verified via the path analysis using structural equation modeling (SEM). IN-Child Record is valid based on its goodness-of-fit values obtained using the SEM. These results scale that IN-Child Record has high reliability and construct validity.
Two experiments were conducted to examine performance differences on conceptually driven and data-driven implicit memory tests in non-clinical depression. In experiment 1, participants (N = 26) studied adjectives by providing pleasant-unpleasant ratings of words and produced associations to cue words at testing, which reflects a conceptually driven test. In experiment 2, another 26 participants engaged in a word stem completion task as a data-driven implicit memory test. Implicit memory bias was found for the conceptually driven test (experiment 1), whereas no such bias emerged for the data-driven test (experiment 2). The bias found in the conceptually driven test, however, was mood-incongruent. The mood-incongruent implicit memory bias is discussed in terms of depression severity and mood regulation.
Inclusive education has become a central education policies in Japan. The purpose of this study was to clarify the current situation and priority issues of inclusive education system in early childhood education in Yaeyama Islands. For these purposes, the survey using the Inclusive Education Assessment Tool（IEAT）was conducted to evaluate the special needs education system in early childhood education of Yaeyama Islands and its results were analyzed through t-test.
The result have shown that have been made to focus efforts on “Improvement of human and physical environment”. And “Improvement curriculum” was raised as priority issues.
As the Issues of inclusive education system in early childhood education of Yaeyama Islands, the expertise of special needs education should be guaranteed, equal opportunity should be guaranteed. These results were suggested for efforts for early childhood education of inclusive education system construction.
IN-Child (Inclusive Needs Child) have increased in school education. However, there has been no research on the actual situation of IN-Child. The SNEAT 10 is the screening tool for IN-Child and is a tool for measuring educational outcomes. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of IN-Child using SNEAT 10, to grasp the actual condition and to extract educational issues.
This study is a cross-sectional study. Data collection have carried out at a elementary school in Okinawa Prefecture from February to March 2016. The extracted IN-Child was 6.3%. The ratio of men to women was 84.8% to 15.2%. Boys were significantly more (χ2 = 17.449, df = 1, p<0.001). The domain of "Mental health" was the highest score in each domain, and there was a significant difference between "Physical function" and "Social function" (F(2,171）=13.98, p<0.001). Boys score was significantly lower in the domain of "social function"(t =-2.34, df = 56, p<0.05). And, in the domain of "Social function", the score of the upper grades was low and a marginally significant. It became clear that IN-Child has educational problem concerning "Social function" in particular.
Since the social service consists of diverse types in terms of the service user and contents, and also the sizes of the demand and situations of supply for social services might be different in regional scale, the discussion of proper providing environment should be differentiated both by service types and by regional scale. This is why the localization of social services is coming to the fore as an important policy issue. In the present study, attempts were made to analyze the present situation of social service provision to determine what service provision environment is shown by type of social services and how the environment appear differently by regional scale. Korean social services can be mainly divided into five types (counseling and rehabilitation, adult care, child care, education and information, and job searching). Service-provision environments were identified with public financing methods for service, the characteristics of service agencies, and whether competing agencies existed, and if that, what the number of competing agencies are. According to the results, the social service-provision environment and the characteristics of service agencies were significantly different among the five major types of social services and also clearly showed differential tendencies according to regional scales.
In this study, I analyzed the effects of Senior Employment Program on Life Satisfaction such as Economic Satisfaction and socio-psychological Satisfaction of senior. ‘Senior Employment Program’ provides employment and social activities for ensure income and enrich the lives of senior. Therefore, it is very significant for improving QOL and achieving Active Aging.
As a result of analysis using the raw-data of ‘Employment Program Status Survey’ in South Korea, it was shown that the programs have a positive effect of senior economic independence (After more than 50% participants who joined the program, answer that the economic situation improved). In addition, it was shown that the ‘Economic Satisfaction’ has a strong positive correlation with ‘Life Satisfaction’ and ‘Socio-psychological Satisfaction’. It means that the Life Satisfaction level and socio-psychological Satisfaction level will also increase if Economic Satisfaction will higher. Therefore, to improve the QOL of senior through the ‘Employment Program’, it should be implement research focus on increasing Economic Satisfaction of senior.
The effects of different postures on dietary intake when children with severe motor and intellectual disabilities (SMID) eat school meals have yet to be investigated adequately. This study focuses on SMID who are fed through a combination of oral consumption and a nasal nutritional tube, and it compares their dietary intakes when given meals while held in posture by a teacher with those while seated in a cushioned chair. The results show that switching the children’s mealtime postures from one in which they are held to one in which they are sitting in a cushioned chair significantly increases their main and secondary meal intakes, and the children also become able to drink milk that they are unable to drink while being held. When seated in a cushioned chair, the children’s postures remain stable, and it is simple for teachers to assist them with their meals. It may be assumed that with a stable posture, the children’s appetites are not inhibited by stress being exerted on parts of their bodies or changes in posture, and therefore dietary intake increases. Meal intake is involved in children’s quality of life and health maintenance, and therefore it may be assumed that finding a posture suited to each individual child is crucial when assisting them with meals.